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Important Islamic Historical Events

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Mahmoodiyah

Question:

There are 12 months in an Islamic year. I would like to know the major events or incidents that took place in each month including the date if available in the books of history, e.g.. On the tenth of Muharram Hazrat Moosa A.S. was saved from Firown,The battles that were fought, The Seerat of Nabi (S.A.W).
References will be highly appreciated.
Jazakumullah.


Answer:

 

Muharram:

  • Battle of Khaibar.  (7 A.H.)
  • Demise of Umar (R.A.).  (1st Muharram 24 A.H.)
  • Beginning of Uthman (R.A.)’s Khilaafat.  (4th Muharram 24 A.H.)
  • Incident of Ashaabul Feel.  (17th Muharram)
  • Demise of Hussain (R.A.).  (10th Muharram 61 A.H.)

Safar:

  • Victory over Khaibar.  (7 A.H.)
  • The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s marriage to Safiyyah bint Huyay (R.A.).  (7 A.H.)
  • The immigration of the Prophet (S.A.W.) to Madinah.  (27th Safar 1 A.H.), some make mention that this took place in Rabee’ul Awwal.
  • The Battle of Waadi-ul-Quraa.  (7 A.H.)
  • The Prophet (S.A.W.) falls ill.  (30th Safar 11 A.H.)

Rabee’ul Awwal:

  • The Prophet (S.A.W.) receives prophethood.
  • The demise of Zainab bin Khuzaimah (R.A.).  (4 A.H.)
  • The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s demise.  (12th Rabee’ul Awwal 11 A.H.)
  • Battle of Thaatur Riqaa’.  (7 A.H.)
  • Battle of Banu Nazeer.  (4 A.H.)
  • Demise of Ebrahim (R.A.), the son of Nabi (S.A.W.).  (10th Rabee’ul Awwal     10 A.H.)
  • Birth of the Prophet (S.A.W.).  (9th Rabee’ul Awwal)

Rabee’uth Thaani:

 

Jumaadul Oola:

  • Battle of Mootah.  (8 A.H.)

Jumaadul Ukhraa:

  • Demise of Abubakar (R.A.).  (22nd Jumaadul Ukhraa 13 A.H.)
  • The beginning of Umar (R.A.)’s Khilafah.  (23rd Jumaadul Ukhraa 13 A.H.

Rajab:

  • The Sahabah (R.A.)’s first migration to Abyssinia.  (5th year after Nubuwwat)
  • Me’raaj (27th Rajab 12th year after Nubuwwat)
  • Battle of Tabuk (9 A.H.)

 

Sha’baan:

  • The Sahabah (R.A.)’s first marriage to Safiyyah (R.A.).  (3 A.H.)
  • Birth of Hussain (R.A.).  (4 A.H.)
  • Demise of Umme Kulthoom (R.A.).  (6th Sha’baan 9 A.H.)
  • Battle of Banu Mustaliq.  (5 A.H.)
  • Demise of Hafsah (R.A.).  (45 A.H.)

Ramadhaan:

  • Demise of Khadijah (R.A.).  (10th Ramadhaan, 10th year after Nubuwwat)
  • Battle of Badr.  (17th Ramadhaan 2 A.H.)
  • Conquest of Makkah.  (8 A.H.)
  • Birth of Hasan (R.A.).  (3 A.H.)
  • Demise of Fatimah (R.A.).  (3rd Ramadhaan 2 A.H.)
  • First revelation of the Qur’an.  (1st year of Nubuwwat)
  • Demise of Aisha (R.A.).  (27th Ramadhaan 57 A.H.)
  • Demise of Ruqayyah (R.A.), the daughter of Nabi (S.A.W.).  (20th Ramadhaan 2 A.H.)
  • Demise of ‘Ali (R.A.).  (17th Ramadhaan 40 A.H.)

Shawwal:

  • Prophet (S.A.W.)’s journey to Taif.  (27th Shawwal, 10th year after Nubuwwat)
  • Battle of Uhud.  (3 A.H.)
  • Battle of the Trench.  (18th Shawwal 5 A.H.)
  • Battle of Hunain.  (6th Shawwal 8 A.H.)
  • Battle of Taif.  (8 A.H.)
  • The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s marriage to Umme Salmah (R.A.).  (4 A.H.)
  • The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s marriage to Saudah bin Zam’ah (R.A.) and also to         Aisha (R.A.).  (10th year after Nubuwwat)
  • Battle of Qainuqaa’.  (3 A.H.)
  • Battle of Hamraa-ul-Asad.  (16th Shawwal 3 A.H.)

Thul Qa’dah:

  •  Battle of Hudaibiyah.  (1st Thul Qa’dah 6 A.H.)

  • The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s marriage to Zainab bint Jahash (R.A.).  (4 A.H.)

  •   The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s marriage to Maymoonah bint Harith (R.A.).  (4 A.H.)

  •  Battle of Banu Quraizah.  (23rd Thul Qa’dah 5 A.H.)

Thul Hijjah:

  • The Prophet (S.A.W.)’s marriage to Zainab bint Khuzaimah (R.A.).  (3 A.H.)
  • ‘Umratul Qadhaa of the Prophet (S.A.W.).  (4th Thul Hijjah 7 A.H.)
  • Birth of Ebrahim (R.A.), the son of the Prophet (S.A.W.).  (8 A.H.)
  • Battle of Thi Qirad.  (6 A.H.)
  • Demise of Uthmaan (R.A.).  (18th Thul Hijjah 35 A.H.)
  • Beginning of ‘Ali (R.A.)’s Khilafah.  (35 A.H.)

(Taken from ‘Ahde Nubuwwat ke Maah wa Saal, Ghazawaatun Nabi (S.A.W.), Ek ‘Aalami Tareekh)

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

Qasim bin Hashim Limbada

Attested to as correct by:

Mufti Muhammad Ashraf

Darul Iftaa

Jameah Mahmoodiyah

Springs

22 April 2004

02 Rabee’ul Awwal 1425

This answer was collected in 2012 from the website of Jameah Mahmoodiyah, South Africa. The original website no longer exists.

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