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Hanafi

Hanafi Fiqh

Sunnah Clothing

What exactly is the meaning of dressing according to the Sunnah? Some people say that ‘Abaya, ‘Amaama etc. are “culture” or “custom” and not “Sunnah” because the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم used to dress according to the custom of his land. Therefore can a person dress according to the custom of his land instead of wearing the “sunnah” clothing?

Also, I wanted to ask wether or not it is Sunna to wear a Shawl because in numerous Ahadith it is reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم wore “Ridaa” which is translated as Shawl and Izaar. And if yes how should this Shawl be? Can it be any Shawl including those commonly wore in places like Yemen?

Jazakumullahu Khairan

Hanafi Fiqh

Games and wasting time

What is the ruling on chess and games of dice like Ludo?

If it is prohibited simply because of the reason of waisting time then according to this reasoning most other games would also be prohibited. Many people when they play games simply want to relax for some time and have some Halal entertainment.

So then why is it that chess and such games are prohibited. And also, why shouldn’t we take into consideration ‘Umoom ul-Balwaa in this case? These games like chess, Ludo and video games etc. have become so widespread in the Ummah nowadays and some sort of game/entertainment is in most Muslim households. Wouldn’t the Shari’a become a bit less strict in this case?

As long as there is nothing Haram in the game like gambling (which some argue is the reason games like chess were prohibited) then why would they still be prohibitively disliked?

Jazakumullahu Khairan.

Hanafi Fiqh

Breaking vow

Assalamoalaikom. A man comits intercourse with his wife during her menses and does tawbah . To keep himself from committing this sin again the man vows by saying ‘By Allah I will NOT have intecourse during menstruation again and if I do I will pay £10000 in sadqah’.
This method works until once he was having intercourse with his wife thinking she is clean but later finds out she had just started her period. So he’s committed this sin by mistake without him knowing and unintentionally . Does he have to still pay the Sadaqah because of his vow ?

Hanafi Fiqh

Various Questions on Islam

Assalamualaikum,

I have the following questions, I would really appreciate if it is answered and emailed back to me by a qualified islamic scholar.

1. Lets say, a muslim (while he is a muslim) intent to enter islam by saying la ilaha illallah after wishfully committing major shirk and/or major kufr. If he dies before saying la ilaha illallah (or before entering islam), will he die as a muslim and will he ever enter paradise? Also, can anyone reenter/enter islam more than once after committing major shirk and major kufr? (Also, is there a number after when one cannot renter islam?) Please, clarify each point.

2. Lets say there is multiple fatwa exists or given in an issue. If one chooses one fatwa from the fatwas out of his own desire, does he goes outside of islam? Also, will he be given any reward for the deed (choosing fatwa out of his own desire)?

3. Lets say there is multiple commentary exists for a verse of Quran or for a hadith of prophet Muhammad from different scholars. If a person chooses a commentary from a scholar based on his own desire and believes in it, does he goes outside islam? Also, will he be given any reward for the deed (choosing scholar’s commentary out of his own desire)?

4. I heard a hadith that ignorance person is forgiven. Lets say I am ignorant on purpose. In other words, I have a chance/opportunity to learn, but I did not learn ( because I wanted to remain ignorant on that matter), in that case will my ignorance be forgiven?

5. Lets say I committed a major shirk or major kufr out of ignorance. But I had a chance to learn whether something I did was major shirk/kufr or not, but I did not learn ( because I wanted to remain ignorant on that matter). In that case Will Allah punish me/ hold me accountable for both committing the shirk (or kufr) and not knowing, or Allah will punish me/ hold me accountable just for my ignorance? Or he will punish me for none because of my ignorance? Will I Go to heaven?

Jazakallahkhair.

Hanafi Fiqh

Masturbation

I am aware that according to the majority of scholars, they would see it as prohibited (Shafi’i and Maliki schools).
Alhamdulillah I don’t do it, but I would just like to know the ruling.
I am not exactly aware of the Hanafi position on it although I believe that according to our school it would be allowed under certain conditions but otherwise unlawful. Please tell me the position of the Hanafi School.
I have read on wikipedia that apparently Ibn Nujaym رحمهم الله wrote that it is Makruh (not Haram) and that this is the opinion in Fataawaa Al Walwaaljiyya.
Also, there’s an opinion in the Hanbali school allowing it and similarly Ibn Hazm and ‘Allama Shawkaani رحمهم الله did not believe it to be prohibited. And Allah سبحانه و تعالى knows best.
I came across a number of Ahadith in Musannaf Abd al Razzaq indicating to the permissibility of it:
‘Ata Ibn Abi Rabah disliked it. Ibn ‘Abbas said it was better to marry a slave girl but it was better than Zina. Jabir bin Zaid saw it as permissible and a similar view is also narrated from Ibn Abbas. Mujahid said more or less that those who came before us used to COMMAND their Shabab to do it, by doing this they abstain from Zina. It is narrated that Al Hasan Al Basri gave Rukhsa in it. ‘Amr ibn Dinar said that he doesn’t see a problem with it.
(Musannaf Abd al Razzaq 14386, 14388-14396)

I await your answer
Jazakumullahu Khairan
Wassalamu ‘Alaikum

Hanafi Fiqh

Sunnah dress

Assalamu ‘Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh
I would like to know regarding the Islamic understanding of “Sunnah dress”. Some argue that wearing Shalwar Kamees, ‘Abaya, Topi etc. is not Sunnah but culture.
They say the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم dressed according to the custom of his people, so therefore we may dress according to the custom of our people (provided it fulfills the requirements of Shari’a like covering ‘Awrah). Would it then be considered “Sunnah” to dress according to the custom? For example, one may argue that it was the custom of the Arabs to wear Topi, turban, etc. and the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم dressed according to the custom of his land and therefore wearing turban etc. is culture, not sunnah.

Also, would it be considered Sunnah to wear a Shawl because the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم wore a shawl? And if this is the case then how should the Shawl be?

Hanafi Fiqh

Status of marriage with doubts in faith

What is the ruling if a husband in marriage expresses doubt in faith like (not fully confident if quran is the word of God).Later repents and realizes his mistake. Is marriage dissolved or remain enforced
Kindly respond.
If there is a difference of opinion among scholars what is the opinion of shafi madhab.
JazakAllah kahir

Hanafi Fiqh

Washing Bathroom floor OCD

Since you’ve always answered my previous questions good and reliable, I will ask another one about a topic thats bothering me. I feel like I go way iver the top with this but it seems that this is the ruling. My Question is about washing the bathroom floor when there is najasa on it. My Mother always did it like this: She took a bucket, filled it with water and cleaning product, dipped a rag in it rinsed it a little bit and then mopped the floor with it. Then she washed the rag in the same bucket with the same water and mopped the floor a seccond time and then she did the same a 3. Time. There was never a problem with this as our floor was always clean afterwards. But now I live alone and after some research it seems as if this is wrong. Hanafi scholars say that you have to wash and rinse the rag and the bucket and use new water after mopping the floor once so you can then mop the second time and then wash and rinse the rag and the bucket again and use new water again for the third time. Isn’t this a little over the top as it is way more work and you have to use much more water which costs money? Also I did all this but now I realized that my floor will still be regarded najis because scholars say you can only mop smooth surfaces but the floor in my bath is not completly smooth as it is a tiled floor which has cement grooves in between the smooth tiles which are a little bit deeper then the tiles. So how should I wash such a floor? Is it Still regarded najis now after I mopped 3× over it because of the deeper cement grooves? If yes, how should I wash such a floor? I can’t just flood my whole floor with water to clean it. That will make a mess. Isn’t this all too much?

I also have a second question. Is ear wax on the part of the ear which needs to be washed in Ghusl a barrier to water? I did Ghusl and after that I prayed. Then it came to my mind that I couldn’t remember having washed my ears in Ghusl. I wasn’t entirely sure but I also found some ear wax on my ear so either I didn’t wash them or I did but there remained ear wax. So was this ear wax a barrier to the water? Do I need to repeat that salah after having washed my ears?