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I want to Know to whom the following terms can be used.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulUloomTT.net
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Question:

Dear Mufti Sahib,

I want to Know to whom the following terms can be used:

1. عليه السلام I have heard some people using عليه السلام with some personalities of Ahl-al-Bayt(اهل بيت) like Hazrat Ali,Hazrat Jaffar, Hazrat Hassan etc. is using this term for these personality is permissible?

2. رضي الله تعالى الله عنه I have heard some people using رضي الله تعالى الله عنه with personalities like Imam Abu Hanifa,Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani etc. is using this term for these personality is permissible?

3. رحمة الله عليه i have heard some people using رحمة الله عليه with personalities like Mufti Shafi Usmani, Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi,etc. is using this term for these personality is permissible?

4. دامت بركاتهم العالية I have heared Some people using دامت بركاتهم العالية with personalities like Mufti Taqi Usmani, Mufti Rafi Usmani, Mufti Ebrahim Desai etc. is using this term for these personality is permissible?

Dear Mufti Sahib Please tell me the meanings of the upper mentioned terms also?


Answer:

As Salaamu Alaikum,

1) The phrase Alaihis Salaam means ‘Upon him be peace, greetings’. According to the scholars this is used exclusively for the prophets, Messengers and Angels. it should not be used for anyone besides them.

2) Radhiyallahu Ta’ala anhu means ‘May Allah be pleased with him’. This is used for the Sahabahs (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAS)). It should not be used for others (besides them). However, some great scholars and authors have used it sparingly for great personalities from among the Tab’ieen scholars. This is on account of one’s love and high regards for such people.

3) Rahmatullah Alaihi- means ‘May the mercy of Allah be upon him’. This is normally used for the great people from among the Tabi’een and those after them. Some latter day scholars use it for great scholars who have passed away in recent times (on account of their great status). (There is no harm in doing this). This is meant to be a dua for them.

4) Damat Barakaatuhum Al Aa’liyah means ‘May great blessings be upon them’. This is used for great scholars and personalities who are still alive. This is also meant to be a dua for them, asking Allah to bless such persons. It can be used for the great scholars whom you have mentioned and others.

And Allah knows best,
Mufti Waseem Khan

This answer was collected from DarulUloomTT.net, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Waseem Khan from Darul Uloom Trinidad and Tobago.

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