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Reciting Aloud in a Quiet Prayer: Leaving a Necessary (Wajib) in Prayer, Forgetfulness Prostrat

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

So, if I made this mistake as an imaam, is sajdah sahw necessary? If I did not perform sajdah sahw during the two instances this has occurred, then shall I make up the prayer and tell my dad (who prayed with me) to make it up as well?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam,

1. It is necessary (wajib) for the imam to recite quietly in the silent prayers [i.e. Zuhr and Asr]. If he recites out loud, this will entail leaving a necessary (wajib) act. [Ala al-Din Abidin, Gifts of Guidance]

2. If a necessary (wajib) act is forgetfully omitted, it is necessary to perform 2 forgetfulness prostrations at the end of the prayer. [SEE: (http://www.sunnipath.com) for details]

3. If a necessary act is intentionally omitted, one must repeat one’s prayer within the time. [For details, see article below.]

4. If a necessary act is forgetfully omitted but one failed to perform the forgetfulness prostrations, one must repeat the prayer within the time. [Gifts]

5. After the time, it would be best to tell your father to repeat the prayer if he is practicing and committed; otherwise, you shouldn’t.

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

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