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Agent increasing selling price

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com

Question

What is the ruling of income earned through selling a product for the seller at a different price from the sellers price ..seller price k1000 your price k1250โ€ฆ  what if more than 2 people are involved with such type of transaction

Do you mean a scenario like this?

Adil is selling a PS5 for K10,000. He gives it to Akil to sell it for him. Akil takes it and increases the price to K12,000. He then gives it to Muhammad to sell it for him. Muhammad increases the price and puts it up for sale at K15,000.

 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.

In principle, once a person is appointed as a wakeel (agent) to sell a particular item for a particular price, and thereafter sells it for a higher price, the entire amount will belong to the muwakkil (original owner).[1]

Accordingly, in the scenario in reference, if Akil sells it for k12,000, the entire amount will belong to Adil.

Furthermore, it is not permissible for a wakeel to appoint another wakeel to sell the same item unless he has obtained permission from the original owner (Muwakkil). [2]

 

Alternatively, the wakeel (Akil) may charge a commission for selling the item on behalf of Adil. This commission must be agreed upon as either a fixed amount or a percentage.[3] In this instance too, it will not be permissible for the wakeel to appoint another wakeel without the ownerโ€™s permission.

It is also possible for Akil to purchase the item from Adil, and after taking possession of it, sell it on for whatever price he wishes.

 

And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best

 

Bilal Yusuf Pandor

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah


Lusaka, Zambia

ุงู„ูู‚ู‡ ุงู„ุญู†ููŠ ูˆุฃุฏู„ุชู‡ 2/125 ู…ูƒุชุจุฉ ุงู„ุบุฒุงู„ูŠ [1]

ุงู„ูˆูƒูŠู„ ุฅุฐุง ุจุงุน ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ุฃู…ูŠู†ุง ููŠู…ุง ูŠู‚ุจุถู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุซู…ู†

 

ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑุฉ ุงู„ู†ูŠุฑุฉ 1/637 ุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ู…ูƒุชุจุฉ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ูŠุฉ

ูุฅู† ุงู„ูˆูƒูŠู„ ู…ู…ู† ู„ุงูŠุซุจุช ู„ู‡ ุญูƒู… ุชุตุฑูู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู…ู„ูƒ ูุฅู† ุงู„ูˆูƒูŠู„ ุจุงู„ุดุฑู‰ ู„ุงูŠู…ู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุดุชุฑู‰ ูˆุงู„ูˆูƒูŠู„ ุจุงู„ุจูŠุน ู„ุงูŠู…ู„ูƒ ุงู„ุซู…ู†

 

ุฏุฑุฑ ุงู„ุญูƒุงู… ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ู…ุฌู„ุฉ ุงู„ุฃุญูƒุงู… 1/ 662

[(ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุฏู‘ูŽุฉู 578) ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูุฏูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุนู’ู‡ู ุจููƒูŽุฐูŽุง ุฏูŽุฑูŽุงู‡ูู…ูŽ]

(ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุฏู‘ูŽุฉู 578) ู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูุฏูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุนู’ู‡ู ุจููƒูŽุฐูŽุง ุฏูŽุฑูŽุงู‡ูู…ูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุจูŽุงุนูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ุจูุฃูŽุฒู’ูŠูŽุฏูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ููŽุงู„ู’ููŽุถู’ู„ู ุฃูŽูŠู’ุถู‹ุง ู„ูุตูŽุงุญูุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ุณููˆูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉู. ู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุงู„ู‹ุง ู„ูู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุนู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุจููƒูŽุฐูŽุง ู‚ูุฑู’ุดู‹ุง ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุจูŽุงุนูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ุจูุฃูŽุฒู’ูŠูŽุฏูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ููŽุงู„ู’ููŽุถู’ู„ู ุฃูŽูŠู’ุถู‹ุง ู„ูุตูŽุงุญูุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูุ› ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ููŽุถู’ู„ูŽ ุจูŽุฏูŽู„ู ู…ูŽุงู„ู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฎู’ุตูุŒ ููŽูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุจูŽุฏู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ู ููŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฏูŽู„ู ูŠูŽู„ู’ุฒูŽู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ุณููˆูŽู‰ ุฃูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงู„ูŽุฉู (ุนูŽู„ููŠู‘ูŒ ุฃูŽููŽู†ู’ุฏููŠ ุจูุฒููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู) ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉูŒ ููŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ุจูŽุงู„ูุบู‹ุง ู…ูŽุง ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุงู„ู‹ุง ู„ูู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ู‚ูŽุงุฆูู„ู‹ุง: ุฅุฐูŽุง ุจูุนู’ุชูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุฒููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ุนูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ููŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ุฒู‘ููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ููŽุงู„ู’ุฅูุฌูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู ููŽุงุณูุฏูŽุฉูŒ ุงูู†ู’ุธูุฑู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุฏู‘ูŽุฉูŽ (450) (ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุชููŠุฌูŽุฉู) ูˆูŽุญููƒู’ู…ู ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ูƒูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฌููŠุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุดู’ุชูŽุฑูŽูƒู (ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฒู‘ูŽุงุฒููŠู‘ูŽุฉ) . ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ู‚ูŽุงุฆูู„ู‹ุง: ุฅุฐูŽุง ุจูุนู’ุชู‡ ุจูุฃูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุฉู ู‚ูุฑููˆุดู ููŽุงู„ุฒู‘ููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูุดู’ุชูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽุฉูŒุŒ ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุจูุนู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุจูŽุงุนูŽู‡ู ุจูุนูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุฉู ู‚ูุฑููˆุดู ููŽู‚ูŽุทู’ุŒ ููŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ู‘ูŽุงู„ู ุฃูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉูŒุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ู†ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุจู‹ุง ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽุ› ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽ ูŠูŽุชูŽุถูŽู…ู‘ูŽู†ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ูŠู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุฅุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุจูุนู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุฃูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุฉู ู‚ูุฑููˆุดู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุจูŽุงุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุฃูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุฉู ููŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู„ู‘ูŽุง ูŠูŽุชูŽุฌูŽุงูˆูŽุฒูŽ ู†ูุตู’ููŽ ุชูู„ู’ูƒูŽ ุงู„ุฒู‘ููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู (ุงู„ู’ู‡ูู†ู’ุฏููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุงุจู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุฏูุณู ุนูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุชููŠุฌูŽุฉู)

 

ุฏุฑุฑ ุงู„ุญูƒุงู… ุดุฑุญ ู…ุฌู„ุฉ ุงู„ุฃุญูƒุงู… โ€“ ุท. ุงู„ุนู„ู…ูŠุฉ (3/ 627)

. ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ูŽุฉู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุฏูุณูŽุฉู โ€“ ู„ูŽูˆู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ููˆูŽูƒู‘ูู„ู ู„ูู„ู’ูˆูŽูƒููŠู„ู: ุจูุนู’ ู…ูŽุงู„ููŠ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุจูุฎูŽู…ู’ุณููŠู†ูŽ ุฑููŠูŽุงู„ู‹ุง ููุถู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ููŽุจูŽุงุนูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽูƒููŠู„ู ุจูุฎูŽู…ู’ุณููŠู†ูŽ ุฑููŠูŽุงู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูŽุฉู ุฏูŽู†ูŽุงู†ููŠุฑูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุนู ุฌูŽุงุฆูุฒู‹ุง ูˆูŽู†ูŽุงููุฐู‹ุง ูˆูŽุตูŽุงุฑูŽ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽู…ูŽู†ู ู„ูู„ู’ู…ููˆูŽูƒู‘ูู„ู ( ุงู„ู’ู‡ูู†ู’ุฏููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ) ุงูู†ู’ุธูุฑู’ ุงู„ุถู‘ูŽุงุจูุทูŽ ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู†ููŠ

 

ุงู„ุฃุตู„ ู„ู„ุดูŠุจุงู†ูŠ ุท ู‚ุทุฑ (2/ 429) [2]

 ูˆู„ูŠุณ ู„ู„ูˆูƒูŠู„ ุฃู† ูŠูˆูƒู„ ุจุฐู„ูƒ ุบูŠุฑู‡ุ› ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ู… ูŠููˆุถ ุฐู„ูƒ ุฅู„ูŠู‡. ูุฅู† ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูˆูƒู„ู‡: ู…ุง ุตู†ุนุช ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู† ุดูŠุก ูู‡ูˆ ุฌุงุฆุฒุŒ ูู„ู‡ ุฃู† ูŠูˆูƒู„ ุบูŠุฑู‡ุŒ ูˆูŠุฌูˆุฒ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุขู…ุฑ

 

ุดุฑุญ ู…ุฎุชุตุฑ ุงู„ุทุญุงูˆูŠ ู„ู„ุฌุตุงุต (3/ 267)

ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ุฌุนูุฑ: (ูˆู„ูŠุณ ู„ู„ูˆูƒูŠู„ ุฃู† ูŠูˆูƒู„ ุจู…ุง ูˆูƒู„ ุจู‡ุŒ ุฅู„ุง ุฃู† ูŠุทู„ู‚ ู„ู‡ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ูˆูƒู„ุŒ ุฃูˆ ูŠุฌูŠุฒ ุฃู…ุฑู‡ ููŠู…ุง ูˆูƒู„ ุจู‡ุŒ ููŠูƒูˆู† ู„ู‡ ุฐู„ูƒ)

 

 

ู„ุฃุตู„ ู„ู„ุดูŠุจุงู†ูŠ ุท ู‚ุทุฑ (3/ 452) [3]

ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ูŠูˆุณู ูˆู…ุญู…ุฏ: ุฅู† ุดุงุก ุฃู…ุฑู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุดุชุฑูŠ ู„ู‡ ูˆูŠุจูŠุน ูˆู„ุง ูŠุดุชุฑุท ู„ู‡ ุฃุฌุฑุงู‹ุŒ ููŠูƒูˆู† ู…ูุนูŠู†ุงู‹ ู„ู‡ุŒ ุซู… ูŠุนูˆุถู‡ ุจุนุฏ ุงู„ูุฑุงุบ ู…ู† ุงู„ุดุฑุงุก ูˆุงู„ุจูŠุน ู…ุซู„ ู…ุง ูƒุงู† ูŠุฃุฎุฐ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃุฌุฑ

ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ูŠูˆุณู ูˆู…ุญู…ุฏ: ุฅุฐุง ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุฌู„: ุจุน ู„ูŠ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุซูˆุจ ูˆู„ูƒ ุฏุฑู‡ู…ุŒ ุฃูˆ ุงุดุชุฑ ููŠ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู…ุชุงุน ูˆู„ูƒ ุฏุฑู‡ู…ุŒ ููุนู„ ุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ู‡ ุฃุฌุฑ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒุŒ ู„ุง ูŠุฌุงูˆุฒ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฏุฑู‡ู… ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูˆู‚ุน ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฅุฌุงุฑุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ุดุฑู‰ ูˆุงู„ุจูŠุน 

 

ุงู„ู…ุจุณูˆุท ู„ู„ุณุฑุฎุณูŠ (15/ 115)

ูˆุงู„ุณู…ุณุงุฑ ุงุณู… ู„ู…ู† ูŠุนู…ู„ ู„ู„ุบูŠุฑ ุจุงู„ุฃุฌุฑ ุจูŠุนุง ูˆุดุฑุงุก 

ุจุฏุงุฆุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงุฆุน ููŠ ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ุงู„ุดุฑุงุฆุน (4/ 184)

ูˆุงู„ุณู…ุณุงุฑ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุจูŠุน ุฃูˆ ูŠุดุชุฑูŠ ู„ุบูŠุฑู‡ ุจุงู„ุฃุฌุฑุฉ ูู‡ูˆ ู…ุญู…ูˆู„ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุง ุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู†ุช ุงู„ู…ุฏุฉ ู…ุนู„ูˆู…ุฉุŒ ูˆูƒุฐุง ุฅุฐุง ู‚ุงู„: ุจุน ู„ูŠ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุซูˆุจ ูˆู„ูƒ ุฏุฑู‡ู… ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ู…ุฏุฉ ูˆุฅู† ู„ู… ูŠุจูŠู† ูุจุงุน ูˆุงุดุชุฑู‰ ูู„ู‡ ุฃุฌุฑ ู…ุซู„ ุนู…ู„ู‡ุ› ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุงุณุชูˆูู‰ ู…ู†ูุนุชู‡ ุจุนู‚ุฏ ูุงุณ

 

This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah โ€“ Lusaka, Zambia.

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