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Are Prawns Haram?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Sibghat Ullah


Are prawns haram?

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


According to Imam Abu Hanifa, only fish is allowed from the sea creatures[i] and according to the other three Imams, prawns are halal as they consider every sea creature to be halal.

In the Hanafi Fiqh, there are two opinions regarding prawns being halal. The difference is based upon whether prawns are fish or insects?

According to many linguists, prawns are small redfish. So, according to them, prawns are halal.

According to modern animal classification prawns are arthropods as they don’t have backbones so according to that definition prawns are not fish. Hence, the ulemas calling them insects, call prawns haram.

Based on this we cannot classify prawns as haram. It could be classified as makrooh so we should be careful not to eat them but if someone is eating them, we should not say anything to them.

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Maulana Sibghat Ullah

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham 

[i] Fatawa Usmania, Page 279:- Halal and Haram Animals. Al Asr Academy, Peshawar.

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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