Please advise if the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) only married women of a set tribe ?
Please advise if they were not from different tribes, clans, cultures ?
Please advise did the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) allowed a nikah in his presence to men who had nothing but the basic daily requirements ?
Please advise if the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) looked and Piety & intention over wealth & Proffession and Lineage when making nikah for people ?
Please advise if all muslims are not equal in the eyes of Allah (s.w.t) ?
Please advise how can this Ummah be united if we alone creates barriers of wealth? proffession ? and what location you from in India ? (innovation to the perfect Deen Allah has given us ? )
Pleasse advise in 100 years time, will people from Johannesburg not be allowed to marry people from Durban and so on ??? (in respect of Surti / Memon / Urdu)
Please advise if Cast is more important than reading the same Kalimah ? in reading the same Salaah ? When you both belong to the same Madhab…
Please advise if western segregation is better than muslim marrying muslim with good intention to progress and become betters muslims …
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
Marriage is an important step in a person’s life. It is a lifelong relationship and therefore it is important to be wise in choosing a partner. Compatibility between the spouses is essential. Islam does not recognize any virtue on account of a person’s lineage color etc. but at the same time it does not totally ignore the fact that people from different tribes, clans and villages have different ways of life. Furthermore, the social standing, the financial position etc of a person also has an impact on a person’s life which could lead to an imbalanced married life thereby causing disastrous after effects. Take for example, if a woman from a noble wealthy family, who all her life lived in luxury, gets married to a poor person who can barely pay for his basic necessities of life, how can they have a happy married life? Incompatibility is one main cause for the braking up of homes. It is for this reason that if a woman gets married to an incompatible man without the consent of her guardian, Islam has allowed the guardian the right of bringing this marriage to an end. It is not that Islam divides by race and color rather, it is that Islam takes into consideration the betterment for the family and society at large. At the same time, whilst this permission is granted it should not be abused. If the spouses are compatible they should not be stopped from getting married merely based on the fact that he is not from the same city (or gham). This is totally against the spirit and teachings of Islam. On the other hand if the family consents to such a marriage then it will also be perfectly fine. For example a woman from a rich family marries a poor man because of his good character, knowledge etc. then there is nothing wrong.
After this brief introduction, we respond to your queries:
1. Nabi صلى الله عليه و سلم married women from different tribes. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم had eleven wifes, six were from the Quraysh, four were from different Arabs tribes and one was a non-Arab, from the Bani Israil.
(Sharh al-Zurqani ala al-Mawahib 4-356)
2. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم did allow nikah to a person who had merely his basic necessities.
5087 – حدثنا قتيبة حدثنا عبد العزيز بن أبي حازم عن أبيه عن سهل بن سعد الساعدي قال
جاءت امرأة إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقالت يا رسول الله جئت أهب لك نفسي قال فنظر إليها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فصعد النظر فيها وصوبه ثم طأطأ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم رأسه فلما رأت المرأة أنه لم يقض فيها شيئا جلست فقام رجل من أصحابه فقال يا رسول الله إن لم يكن لك بها حاجة فزوجنيها فقال وهل عندك من شيء قال لا والله يا رسول الله فقال اذهب إلى أهلك فانظر هل تجد شيئا فذهب ثم رجع فقال لا والله ما وجدت شيئا فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم انظر ولو خاتما من حديد فذهب ثم رجع فقال لا والله يا رسول الله ولا خاتما من حديد ولكن هذا إزاري قال سهل ما له رداء فلها نصفه فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما تصنع بإزارك إن لبسته لم يكن عليها منه شيء وإن لبسته لم يكن عليك منه شيء فجلس الرجل حتى إذا طال مجلسه قام فرآه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم موليا فأمر به فدعي فلما جاء قال ماذا معك من القرآن قال معي سورة كذا وسورة كذا عددها فقال تقرؤهن عن ظهر قلبك قال نعم قال اذهب فقد ملكتكها بما معك من القرآن
3. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
A woman gets married for four reasons: for her wealth, her lineage, her beauty and her religion. So be successful by marring for religion.
صحيح البخاري ومسلم
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال تنكح المرأة لأربع لمالها ولحسبها وجمالها ولدينها فاظفر بذات الدين تربت يداك
4. The only virtue in the sight of Allah Ta’ala is on religion and piety. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم mentioned: none has any virtue over the other except in religion and piety. (Ibn Khathir Hujurat 13)
And Allah knows best
Ml. Ishaq E. Moosa,
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah
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