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I want to know the proper way to have Istunjah

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Assalamakum, Dear Mufti Sahib, I want to know the proper way to have Istunjah(cleaniness after using bathhroom.) I know its sunnah to use water, but if some one uses water he has to use hands to rub the areas on private parts and in such case he might get some waste on the hands. Is that acceptible, or makrooh. In modern days like today if some one only uses tissue paper to wipe off the watse and later use a wet tissue paper to wipe off the anal area is that enuf. In short what are the fards and sunnah of all this. If some one release air, the wudu breaks, now does he or she has to wash the anal area in order to make new wudu or can he make wudu with out wiping and washing private areas. waslamakum


The aspect of Istinjaa and cleanliness is indeed a very important issue. A
person should exercise extreme precaution in matters related to this. In the
Hadith, Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) has warned us, ‘Stay away from
urine because generally the Adhaan of Qabr is attained through it.’

Allah Ta’ala praises the people of Qubaa thus, ‘In it are men who love to
clean and to purify themselves, and Allah loves those who make themselves
clean and pure (i.e. who clean their private parts with dust (which has
properties of soap) and water from urine and stool after answering the call
of nature).’

According to an Aayat, when this Aayat was revealed, Nabi (Sallallaahu
Alayhi Wasallam) sent for Umaym ibn Saa’ida and asked him what is the
purification Allah has praised you for. He replied, ‘O Rasul of Allah
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), no man or woman comes out from relieving
himself except that he washes his private parts.’ Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi
Wasallam) said, This is it.’ (Ibn Kathir vol.2 pg.397; Qadeemi)

Istinjaa (to cleanse) the private parts is Sunnat Muakkadah. A person can
suffice only on stone or tissue paper as long as the waste does not surpass
the private parts. If it did surpass then to use water is Fardh. However,
the best and most cautious method is to use both the stone or toilet paper
and water at all times. (Tahtawi pg.35)

It is not necessary to wash the anal area after the release of air in order
to make Wudhu.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.