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Assalamualaekum, Is wearing a trouser or shalwar below the ankle is kabeera sin (gunahe kabeera). Jazak ALLAH u khaira

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org
Answer

It is prohibited to wear pants below the ankle at all times. Rasulullah
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, ‘Allah will not look at a person with
mercy who lowers his pants below his ankle.’ (Bukhari)

To perform Salaat with the pants below the ankles is Makrooh. Therefore, the
pants should be folded above the ankles at all times, in particular, during
Salaat.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

Despite the stern warnings of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam)
concerning the wearing of the trouser below the ankle, some Muslim men
totally disregard this Sunnah. In fact, many argue that this applies to a
person who wears it below the ankle if pride settles in the heart.

Having said that, it is therefore undisputed by all that wearing the
trousers below the ankle with pride is a major sin. And if worn without
pride then too it is a major sin. (Alamgeri), except that should the trouser
unintentionally drop below the ankle then there is no sin. This was the case
of Hazrat Abu Baker (Radhiallahu Anhu) for which Rasulullah (Sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) excused him. It is indeed sad to note that some people of
the Ummah disregard its importance and largely take it for granted.

The warnings admonished by Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) are
explicit and direct. We cite a few hereunder:

1. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said, ‘That which hangs below the
ankle, will be in Jahannam. (Bukhari)

2. Once Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radhiallahu anhu) entered the gathering of
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam). He says, ‘My trouser was hanging a
little below my ankle when Rasulullah asked, “who is this”? ‘I replied,
Abdullah bin Umar’. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said, ‘If you
are Abdullah then raise your trouser above the ankle.’ I immediately did
likewise to the extent of half my shin. From that day onwards I formed a
habit to wear my trouser above the ankle. (Musnad Ahmad)

3. It is reported in a hadith that three people whom Allah Ta’ala will not
talk to nor look at and for them will be a terrible punishment. The narrator
says that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) repeated this three times.
Then Hazrat Abu zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu anhu) commented saying that these
people are indeed very unfortunate but who are they? Rasulullah (Sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) said that person who hangs his trouser below the ankle,
that person who does good deeds and lies and that person who takes a false
oath to sell his goods. (Abu Dawood)

Explaining the situation Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radhiallahu anhu) says
that the meaning of Rasulullah’s (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) warnings refer
to anything that hangs below the ankle i.e. when wearing the lungi or long
abayya kurtas.

At this point, it will suffice to say that our beloved Nabi (Sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) has presented a certain code of conduct (which forms part
of the Sunnah) and should we claim to love Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi
wasallam) then follow his way – the only way for our salvation in this world
and the hereafter.

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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