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Is it permissible to ‘assalama alayka ya rasoolallah’

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

In my masjid it is said after azaan and also by the imaam in the Friday Khutba.

Answer

Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Abi Laylha (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrates that Ka’ba ibn
Ujra (Radhiallaahu Anhu) met me in the Musjid. He said to me, ‘Should I not
gift to you something that I had heard from Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi
Wasallam)?’ I replied, ‘Most certainly please do so.’ He said, ‘We asked
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), ‘O Rasul of Allah (Sallallaahu
Alayhi Wasallam), How should we sent salaat (blessings) upon you (and) the
Ahlul-Bayt (members of your household). For Allah Ta’ala has shown us only
how to send salaams (salutations) upon you (but not Salaat)?’ Nabi
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied, ‘Say, O Allah send Salaat (blessings)
upon Muhammad (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) like how you sent them upon
Ibraahim (Alayhis salaam). Verily thou art most worthy of praise, most
honourable (the formula of Durood-e-Ibraahim).’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

In this Hadith (tradition), Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) taught his
Sahaaba (Radhiallaahu Anhu) the way of sending Salaat and Salaam (blessings
and salutations) upon him. Also we see no similarity between the way taught
by Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the baseless custom prevailing
nowadays. Undoubtedly, Salaat is a powerful blessing and a means of great
rewards, provided it is carried out in the way shown by our beloved Nabi
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam). Neither has Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi
Wasallam) nor the Sahaaba (Radhiallaahu Anhu), Taabi’een (RA) and pious
predecessors specified any time or mode for reciting of Durood and Salaam as
is the practise nowadays. Neither did any of the Sahaab nor Taabi’een carry
out the practise that is now prevalent, rather they strongly opposed such
innovations. To specify certain times, e.g. after Fardh (obligatory) prayers
or after Jummu’ah, likewise, after Adhaan and to recite in a loud voice or
in group form, etc. and regard these practises as necessary and part of Deen
is undoubtedly an innovation.

It is narrated that Ibn Mas’ood (Radhiallaahu Anhu) once heard of a group
that had gathered in a Musjid reciting the Kalimah and Durood and Salaam in
a loud voice. He immediately confronted them and said, ‘This is a practice
we have not seen in the time of Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam). I see
you all to be only Bidaaits (innovators).’ He continued to say this until he
had chased them all out of the Musjid. (Bazzaariyyah and Shaami). Most
definitely, we should make it a practise torecite Durood and Salaam on Nabi
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) as much as possible, but we should be careful
to do this only in the way shown by Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)
himself. (Ahsanul Fataawa vol.1 pg.363; HM Saeed)

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

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