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How to pay Zakaat on land?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

I have purchased a certain piece of land and it will be sold by me till i get a proper amount that appeals to me. I have at present made part payment of this land. It is decided that the rest of the amount shall be given after the formalities regarding the land are completed so that it can be legally transferred in my name. Now my question is two folds.

The first being that can i sell this land directly so someone if i get a proper amount before giving the entire amount. Or is it that i shall have to pay the entire amount and take the land in my name legally and then only will i be able to transfer it.

Secondly what is the manner in which Zakat is to be paid for such kind of land and in such a situation.

Answer

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1) Please inform us whether you have taken total possession of the land or not in order to answer the question.

2) Zakaat will not be paid on such a land until total possesion takes place.  Once you acquire the land fully then you will pay Zakaat on the market price.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Mohammed Patel,
Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia.

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Faisal  Bin Abdul Hameed

 


[1]    رد المحتار ( ص 259 / ج 2 / دار الفكر / المتوفى 1252 ه )

(وسببه) أي سبب افتراضها (ملك نصاب حولي) نسبة للحول لحولانه عليه (تام) بالرفع صفة ملك، خرج مال المكاتب.

شرح

(قوله: خرج مال المكاتب) أي خرج بالتقييد به لأن المراد بالتام المملوك رقبة ويدا، وملك المكاتب ليس بتام لوجود المنافي ولأنه دائر بينه وبين المولى فإن أدى مال الكتابة سلم له. وإن عجز سلم للمولى؛ فكما لا يجب على المولى فيه شيء فكذا المكاتب كما في الشرنبلالية. قلت: وخرج أيضا نحو المال المفقود والساقط في. ر ومغصوب لا بينة عليه ومدفون في برية فلا زكاة عليه إذا عاد إليه كما سيأتي؛ لأنه وإن كان مملوكا له رقبة لكن لا يدل عليه كما أفاده في البدائع، وخرج به أيضا كما في البحر المشترى للتجارة قبل القبض والآبق المعد للتجارة .

الجوهرة النيرة

(قَوْلُهُ مِلْكًا تَامًّا) يُحْتَرَزُ عَنْ مِلْكِ الْمُكَاتَبِ وَالْمَدْيُونِ وَالْمَبِيعِ قَبْلَ الْقَبْضِ لِأَنَّ الْمِلْكَ التَّامَّ هُوَ مَا اجْتَمَعَ فِيهِ الْمِلْكُ وَالْيَدُ وَأَمَّا إذَا وَجَدَ الْمِلْكَ دُونَ الْيَدِ كَمِلْكِ الْمَبِيعِ قَبْلَ الْقَبْضِ وَالصَّدَاقِ قَبْلَ الْقَبْضِ أَوْ وَجَدَ الْيَدَ دُونَ الْمِلْكِ كَمِلْكِ الْمُكَاتَبِ وَالْمَدْيُونِ لَا تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ.

البناية

وقيل: يحتمل أن يكون قوله: “ملكا تاما”، احترازا عن البيع قبل القبض حيث لا زكاة فيه؛ لأن ملكه لم يتم، ولهذا لا يجوز تصرفه فيه، والملك: عبارة عن مطلق التصرف فيكون الملك فيه ناقصا، فلا يلزم عليه مال ابن السبيل؛ لأن يده ثابتة.

 

DARUL IFTAA BUILDING PROJECT

 

Assalāmu `alaikum Warahmatullāhi Wabrakatuh,

 

 

We make Du’aa you are well. The Darul Iftaa was established in the year 2011. The fundamental objective of the Darul Iftaa is to train Ulama from various parts of the world to become Muftis. In this world of scientific calculations and technological advancements, economic confusion and political disarray, a Mufti is trained to understand and analyze current situations and provide leadership for the Ummah. There is a vacuum  of competent Muftis in various parts of the world. The Ummah lacks leadership. There are currently twelve students who are studying at the Darul Iftaa. They are from United States of America, United Kingdom, Mozambique, Jamaica, Zambia, Canada and South Africa. There are many Ulama from many parts of the world who have applied to study the Iftaa course. They could not be accommodated due to lack of adequate facilities. The Darul Iftaa has therefore embarked on an expansion project.

The Darul Iftaa requests your generous contributions for the expansion project. The building project has already begun and is expected to be completed within the next three months. This is indeed a great opportunity for you to earn Sawab e Jariyah in the Aakhirah. This is a tree with many branches bearing sweet fruits for your Aakhirah. Insha’Allah. The Darul Iftaa banking details are as follows:

Bank:              FNB Bank
Account#:     62347912778
Branch:           221126
 

(The Darul Iftaa is registered and has the following PBO exemption number: 930039227 – 3 May 2012)

JazakAllah.

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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