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The Sunna Ruku, and: Raising Hands For Qunut   

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Abu Usamah

I would like to know what’s the  correct way (Sunnah according Ahnaf) of doing ruku in salah and raising  one’s hands before reciting qunut in witr salah. The reason I ask this is because I see brothers who when doing ruku have both their elbows and knees bent, as a result; their back forms an arch (i.e. curved space), isn’t straight (i.e. at approximate right angle) and their heads droop downwards not being in line with rest of the body.

Also I see brothers when performing witr in the final rak`ah before reciting  qunut (before ruku) they drop their hands to their sides (from below the navel) before raising them again to pronounce takbir for the qunut. I can’t remember where, but I have read that this is incorrect and that one should  raise the hands (for takbir) directly from below the navel to the ears (for  takbir) and then tie them back (below the navel) to recite qunut.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Al-Salam `alaykum

1. The correct (sunna) posture for ruku is that legs be straight. It is somewhat disliked (makruh tanzihi) to bend them to the extent that they resemble a bow. The back should also be straightened such that the head, back and posterior are level. (Hashiya al-Tahtawi and Maraqi al-Falah p215)

It is mentioned in Talim al-Haq (edited):

 Saying “Allahu Akbar” go into ruku

The eyes should be fixed on to the feet (f: this is recommended)

For men:
In ruku grasp both knees, with the fingers apart.
Ensure that the arms do not touch the body (f: this is sunna).
Keep the back straight, with the head neither lowered nor raised.
ln ruku recite its tasbih softly at least 3 or 5 times.

When making ruku a women should only bend over sufficiently so that their hands reach their knees.
The hands should be placed on the knees, with the fingers kept together.
In ruku the elbows should touch the sides of the body and the feet should be kept together.

سُبْحانَ رَبِّيَ العَظِيم

Subhaana Rabbi al-`Adheem

(‘Glory be to My Lord, the Tremendous’)

2. For the Witr qunut: The hands should be raised to the ears, before saying Allahu Akbar (as when starting the prayer), without dropping them to the sides.  (Maraqi al-Falah p305)

قال في ‏مراقي الفلاح، شرح نور الإيضاح :(و ) يسن (نصب ساقيه ) لأنه المتوارث، وإحناؤهما شبه القوس مكروه (و ) يسن (بسط ظهره ) حال ركوعه لأنه صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا ركع يسوي ظهره حتى لو صب عليه الماء استقر وروي أنه كان إذا ركع لو كان قدح ماء على ظهره لما تحرك لاستواء ظهره (و ) يسن (تسوية رأسه بعجزه ) العجز بوزن رجل من كل شيء مؤخره ويذكر ويؤنث والعجيزة للمرأة خاصة وقد تستعمل للرجل وأما العجز فعام وهو ما بين الوركين من الرجل والمرأة لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا ركع لم يشخص رأسه ولم يصوبه ولكن بين ذلك أي لم يرفع رأسه ولم يخفضه
و في باب الوتر :  (وإذا فرغ من قراءة السورة فيها ) أي الركعة الثالثة (رفع يديه حذاء أذنيه ) كما قدمناه إلا إذا قضاه حتى لا يرى تهاونه فيه برفعه يديه عند من يراه (ثم كبر ) لانتقاله إلى حالة الدعاء، (و ) بعد التكبير (قنت قائماً )

Abu Usamah

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