What physical contact breaks the fast? When is expiation required?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Umm Ihsan

What kind of emission of sexual fluids requires ghusl, and what doesn’t?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful 

Bismillah Ir-Rahman Ir-Raheem

Assalamu aliekum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

As stated in Nur al-Iydah, there are three types of emissions: wady, madhy, and mani.

Wady is a white, thick discharge that is commonly seen before or after urinating. Madhy is a white, thin discharge that is caused through the excitement of foreplay or kissing. Mani is a fluid that is released after ejaculation.

Wady and madhy necessitate wudhu and mani requires one to perform ghusl.

As for sexual relations while one is fasting, the following is a breakdown from Nur al-Iydah of what does or does not invalidate one’s fast and the expiation rulings accompanying them.

Physical Contact that Doesn’t Break One’s Fast:

-Non-passionate kissing (i.e. doesn’t lead to sexual intercourse or ejaculation)
-Looking at one’s spouse, even if one ejaculates

Physical Contact that Doesn’t Break One’s Fast But Is Disliked:

-Non-passionate kissing that one fears will lead to sexual intercourse or ejaculation
-Anything sexual that one fears will lead to sexual intercourse or ejaculation

Physical Contact that Breaks One’s Fast And Requires Makeup Only:

-Ejaculation from masturbation *
-Kissing and touching that caused ejaculation *

Physical Contact that Breaks One’s Fast And Requires Makeup and Kaffara:

-Passionate kissing *
-Swallowing the saliva of one’s spouse or friend *
-Sexual intercourse without ejaculation *
-Ejaculation from sexual intercourse *

*The person who involved himself in the above-mentioned situations should refrain from eating and drinking for the remainder of that day, and repent for the severity of his sin.

Outside the month of Ramadan, if one breaks his fast deliberately, then he is not required to complete a Kaffara.

Umm Ihsan

Approved by Faraz Rabbani

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