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Pre-sexual fluids: Wudu is needed not ghusl

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

In a discussion with a friend, who is studying medicine, he said that before ejaculation, there are certain lubricants that are released.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate.

  عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (رضي الله تعالى عنه) أَنَّهُ قَالَ اسْتَحْيَيْتُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ الْمَذْيِ مِنْ أَجْلِ فَاطِمَةَ  فَأَمَرْتُ الْمِقْدَادَ فَسَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ مِنْهُ الْوُضُوءُ

It is reported from our master `Ali (Allah be pleased with him) that, “I was shy about asking the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) regarding pre-sexual fluid [madhy] because of Fatima, so I asked al-Miqdad to ask. He asked, and the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “It necessitates [only] ablutions (wudu).”

[Bukhari (429) and Muslim (457), this wording being the latter’s]

Ibn Abidin explains in his Radd al-Muhtar that:

“When there is discharge of thick, cloudy white fluid (wady) (that exits before or after urinating) or unlustful discharge of thin, sticky, white fluid (madhy) caused by play or kissing, it does not necessitate ghusl. However, it does necessitate wudu.” [Hashiya Ibn Abidin]

As for ejaculation

Muwaffaq al-Din Ibn Qudama (d. 620 AH) mentioned in his masterpiece of Hanbali and comparative fiqh, al-Mughni,

“The exiting of ejaculate with desire makes a purificatory bath (ghusl) obligatory for men and women, whether in waking or sleep. This is the position of the generality of the fuqaha, as Tirmidhi said, and we are not aware of any disagreement on this.” [Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni, 1: 278, Dar Ihya’ al-Turath al-Arabi]

Imam Abu Bakr al-Kasani reported scholarly consensus on this in his Bada’i` al-Sana’i` (1: 36)

As for intercourse

As for when actual intercourse takes places, a purificatory bath is obligatory (fard), even if no ejaculation takes place.

Ala’ al-Din Abidin, the 19th Century Damascene faqih and son of Ibn Abidin, said in his al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya:

 “A purificatory bath is necessitated by:

a) sperm or female ejaculate that leaves its place of origin with desire [f: whether actual or effective], even if it exits the body without desire, even if without sexual intercourse;

b) the head of the penis entering either private part of a living human being who is fit for sexual intercourse, even without any release of sexual fluids…” [al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya (Gifts of Guidance, unpublished translation)]

And Allah alone gives success.

For more details on the fiqh related to purification in general or ghusl in particular, please see: (http://www.sunnipath.com).

Faraz Rabbani

This answer was indexed from Qibla.com, which used to have a repository of Islamic Q&A answered by various scholars. The website is no longer in existence. It has now been transformed into a learning portal with paid Islamic course offering under the brand of Kiflayn.

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