Question on the Four Madhaahib

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Mahmoodiyah


Respected Mufti Sahib


I need to know the answers of the following questions raised by one of my Ghair Muqallid friends:

1.  Fiqh of Hanafi School of thought was not established in the first three centuries.  If it was already established then why did the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb Aalamgeer hire about 500 Ulamaa in the 12th century to write the book of Fiqh called Fataawaa Aalamgeeri?

2.  Why should Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jailani propagate for becoming Ahle Hadith instead of following one of the four Madhaahib as late as in the 6th century?  It clearly indicates that Fiqh of nay of the four Madhaahib was not fully established at that time.




The Hanafi Fiqh (jurisprudence) was established in the second century. Imam Abu Hanifah (R.A) passed away in 150 A.H. and he completed his Fiqh during his lifetime. Thereafter his famous student Imam Muhammad (R.A.) compiled all the Masaail in many books in this era. He passed away in 189 A.H. In every centaury the Fuqahaa-e-Ahnaaf wrote lengthy books comprising of all the Masaail e.g. Allamah Sakhaawi who passed away in 483 A.H., compiled a book which is now in 30 volumes.

The Mughal King Aurang Zaib (R.A.) organized a team of Ulamaa and ordered them to compile a book in which should be gathered the Masaail of the books of the previous Ulamaa. This group of Ulamaa did not pen down Masaail of their own, rather they compiled a book containing Masaail taken from reliable books of the great Fuqahaa.

Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jailani (R.A.) belonged to the Hanbali school of thought. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal passed away in 241 A.H.

The objections made by your friend are baseless. Hopefully this will help you make him understand.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best      

Mufti Muhammad Ashraf

Darul Iftaa

Jameah Mahmoodiyah


29 December 2004

17 Thul Qa’dah 1425 

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