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An unreliable narration regarding feeding a fasting person on the day of ‘Aashura

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by HadithAnswers.com

Question

How reliable is this Hadith?

“Whoever gives iftar to a person on the day of Ashura, it is as the whole nation of Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) broke fast by him”

Answer

This narration appears in Musnadul Firdaws on the authority of Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma). This narration also appears in Fadailul Awqat of Imam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) as part of a longer narration.

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever feeds a fasting person iftar on the day of ‘Ashura, it is as though the entire ummah of Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) had iftar by him.”

(Musnadul Firdaws, Hadith: 5783, Fadailul Awqat, Hadith: 237)

However, the Muhaddithun have declared a narrator of the Hadith a fabricator. It is therefore not suitable to quote.

(Refer: Dhaylul La-Alil Masnu’ah, vol. 1 pg. 470, Hadith: 570 and Tanzihush Shari’ah, vol. 2 pg. 165. Also see: Kitabul Majruhin Minal Muhaddithin of Imam Ibn Hibban, vol. 1 pg. 324)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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