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Taking non veg capsule for obesity and question regarding my mothers iddah!

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by FatwaCentre.org
Question

1st Issue:

I suffer from several health issues such as asthma, high blood pressure, obstructive sleep apnoea and a few others. Above all obesity! I was offered the weight loss operation but due to covid etc this has been delayed for over 2 years now. Now Dr’s are saying that they will have to re-refer which may be another year or 2, so as a bit of help they have prescribed me with tablets which help aid weight loss as it can be dangerous due to my sleep apnoea, however these capsules contain gelatine and are not suitable for vegetarians. Is it permissible for me to take these as there is no other option? I had asked the pharmacist for a veg option but till date apparently this has not been manufactured. I have tried many many diets but i don’t tend to keep my weight down.

2nd Issue:

I work in a different state in India but due to lockdown i came back to my hometown and lived with my parents. My father passed away 1 month ago and the community in my area force us to take part in bidah, they said that my fathers rooh does not leave the house for 40 days and during this time i have to feed many many fakeer, buy the imam new cloths and shoes, buy many utensils, footwear etc and distribute! All this is getting very disturbing for me and my mother, the community are not leaving us in peace and no matter what we say it is proving difficult to avoid these people.
My mother is 62 years old and currently in her iddat and we been advised she can not move from here till her 4 months and 10 days are over.
We need to get out of this atmosphere as it is mentally very draining and i also feel like we are committing sin.
Question: Can i move my mother to another state where my work is during her iddah? She will be fully covered and get there and will continue? Also i have planned and my application is already with the home office to come to the UK to get married, this was before my father passed away.
Question: Do you know what the 40 day rule is about? Is there such a thing?
This is getting very difficult and unbearable. Any advise would be good pls.
JazakAllah


Answer

In relation to the gelatine capsules, gelatine can be of bovine or porcine sources. If the gelatine is from bovine hide or bone then the preferred position is that if the animal was not slaughtered according to shar’i methods, it will be unlawful to consume, even though the hide and bone has been through a purification process.

There are some jurists within the school, however, who were of the opinion that if the bone or hide goes through a purification process then it will be permissible to consume products derived from them. Based on this opinion, some contemporary scholars, like Mufti Taqi ‘Usmani, have given leeway for such gelatine to be consumed if its in a capsule and for medical necessity. Hence, based on this opinion there would be scope for you to use the capsule if the gelatine is from bovine source, as there is a medical need. You may contact the manufacturers for clarification on the source of the gelatine.

If the gelatine is of porcine origin, then it would not be permissible for you to use this medication, except in cases of extreme medical emergency, where your life or an essential organ of yours would be placed at severe risk if the medicine was not taken. In order for us to issue a ruling we would need to know the exact harm that would be caused as a result of you not taking this medication. Also, rather than speaking to a pharmacist for a vegetarian option, we would advise speaking to your GP and explaining to them that you cannot take the medication if its from pig, and what alternatives are available to help you with your wait loss. If the key issue is weight loss, they should be able to direct you to alternatives such as exercise classes etc.

There is no basis for the practices mentioned in your question. The soul does not remain within the house for forty days, nor are you obliged to feed, provide new clothing or gifts to anyone. This is not from the teachings of Islam. Yes, if you wish you can make donations and then send the reward to your father. However, this is not an obligation.

It is not permissible for a woman to leave her house during the ‘iddah. If you are able to withstand the comments of the local community for the duration of the ‘iddah then this must be done. We would encourage you to think about the reward you will get for being patient and holding firm onto the religion during these difficult times.

If the pressure is getting to a point where you are certain that if you do not move, then there will be long lasting emotional and psychological harm to your mother, then based on this need there would be scope for your mother to move to the closest location where she feels safe. It would not be permissible to travel a long distance to another state if she can be housed somewhere nearby.

Answered by:
Ifta Research Fellow

Checked & Approved by:
Mufti Abdul Rahman Mangera
Mufti Zubair Patel

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (5/ 73)

وجلد ميتة قبل الدبغ) لو بالعرض، ولو بالثمن فباطل، ولم يفصله ههنا اعتمادا على ما سبق قاله الواني فليحفظ (وبعده) أي الدبغ (يباع) إلا جلد إنسان وخنزير وحية (وينتفع به) لطهارته حينئذ (لغير الأكل) ولو جلد مأكول على الصحيح سراج، لقوله تعالى {حرمت عليكم الميتة} [المائدة: 3]- وهذا جزؤها

قوله ولو جلد مأكول على الصحيح) وقال بعضهم: يجوز أكله؛ لأنه طاهر كجلد الشاة المذكاة، أما جلد غير المأكول كالحمار لا يجوز أكله إجماعا؛ لأن الدبغ فيه ليس بأقوى من الذكاة وذكاته لا تبيحه فكذا دبغه أفاده المصنف ط

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (1/ 109)
وَفِيهِ مَسْأَلَةُ جِلْدِ الْمَيْتَةِ بَعْدَ الدِّبَاغِ هَلْ يَجُوزُ أَكْلُهُ إذَا كَانَ جِلْدُ حَيَوَانٍ مَأْكُولِ اللَّحْمِ قَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ نَعَمْ؛ لِأَنَّهُ طَاهِرٌ كَجِلْدِ الشَّاةِ الْمُذَكَّاةِ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ: لَا يَجُوزُ أَكْلُهُ، وَهُوَ الصَّحِيحُ لِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى {حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ} [المائدة: 3] ، وَهَذَا جُزْءٌ مِنْهَا «وَقَالَ – عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ – فِي شَاةِ مَيْمُونَةَ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهَا – إنَّمَا يَحْرُمُ مِنْ الْمَيْتَةِ أَكْلُهَا مَعَ أَمْرِهِ لَهُمْ بِالدِّبَاغِ وَالِانْتِفَاعِ» ، وَأَمَّا إذَا كَانَ جِلْدُ مَا لَا يُؤْكَلُ كَالْحِمَارِ، فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَجُوزُ أَكْلُهُ إجْمَاعًا؛ لِأَنَّ الدِّبَاغَ فِيهِ لَيْسَ بِأَقْوَى مِنْ الذَّكَاةِ وَذَكَاتُهُ لَا تُبِيحُهُ فَكَذَا دِبَاغُهُ. اهـ

فقه البيوع 307:1

وبما أن عظم حیوان غیر مذگی طاهر، وأن جلده يطهر بالدباغ، فإن الجيلاتين المتخذ منهما طاهر، ويجوز استعماله في غير الأكل باتفاق الحنفية. أما استعماله في الأكل، فالصحيح المفتی به عند الحنفية أنه لا يجوز، ولكن هناك قول عند الحنفية والشافعية في جواز أكله. ويسوغ العمل به للتداوي بالكيبسولات المتخذة من الجيلاتين، بشرط أن لا تكون متخذة من جلد الخنزير أو عظمه. أما في غير التداوي، فينبغي الاجتناب من أكله، ما لم تثبت استحالتها. أما البيع والشراؤ، فيجوز في غير المتخذ من الخنزير، لأنه طاهر حسبما ذكرناه، والانتفاع به ممکن بطریق مشروع. والله سبحانه وتعالى أعلم.

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (3/ 536)
ومعتدة موت تخرج في الجديدين وتبيت) أكثر الليل (في منزلها) لأن نفقتها عليها فتحتاج للخروج، حتى لو كان عندها كفايتها صارت كالمطلقة فلا يحل لها الخروج فتح. وجوز في القنية خروجها لإصلاح ما لا بد لها منه كزراعة ولا وكيل لها (طلقت) أو مات وهي زائرة (في غير مسكنها عادت إليه فورا) لوجوبه عليها

(وتعتدان) أي معتدة طلاق وموت (في بيت وجبت فيه) ولا يخرجان منه (إلا أن تخرج أو يتهدم المنزل، أو تخاف) انهدامه، أو (تلف مالها، أو لا تجد كراء البيت) ونحو ذلك من الضرورات فتخرج لأقرب موضع إليه

وفي الرد: ووجه الدفع أن معتدة الموت لما كانت في العادة محتاجة إلى الخروج لأجل أن تكتسب للنفقة قالوا: إنها تخرج في النهار وبعض الليل، بخلاف المطلقة. وأما الخروج للضرورة فلا فرق فيه بينهما كما نصوا عليه فيما يأتي، فالمراد به هنا غير الضرورة، ولهذا بعدما أطلق في كافي الحاكم منع خروج المطلقة قال: والمتوفى عنها زوجها تخرج بالنهار لحاجتها ولا تبيت في غير منزلها، فهذا صريح في الفرق بينهما، نعم عبارة المتون يوهم ظاهرها ما قاله في البحر، فلو قيدوا خروجها بالحاجة كما فعل في الكافي لكان أظهر

قوله: ونحو ذلك) منه ما في الظهيرية: لو خافت بالليل من أمر الميت والموت ولا أحد معها لها التحول – والخوف شديد – وإلا فلا

This answer was collected from FatwaCentre.org, which is overseen by Dr. Mufti Abdur-Rahman Mangera.

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