Performing Sajdah Without Wudhu

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta Azaadville


Does making sajdah without wudhu render a person a kaafir?


The intention of a person is what will be considered. If it was done unknowingly, obliviously or due to one being shy. For example he was performing Salaah in Jamaat and his Wudhu broke, but due to him being shy or feeling embarrassed of walking out at that moment, he continued. In this case he will not become a Kaafir.

If he performed Sajdah in such a state with the intention of mocking, belittling, ridiculing or understanding it to be trivial and insignificant, he will become a Kaafir. 

Note; As long as the intention of an individual is not evident and clear, a person will not be rendered out of the fold of Islam. 

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

إذَا أَنْكَرَ آيَةً مِنْ الْقُرْآنِ وَاسْتَخَفَّ بِالْقُرْآنِ أَوْ بِالْمَسْجِدِ أَوْ بِنَحْوِهِ مِمَّا يَعْظُمُ فِي الشَّرْعِ أَوْ عَابَ شَيْئًا مِنْ الْقُرْآنِ أَوْ خَطِئَ أَوْ سَخِرَ بِآيَةٍ مِنْهُ كَفَرَ

(ج1 ص692 ص693 – كتاب مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر – ألفاظ الكفر أنواع)

 وَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّ مَنْ تَكَلَّمَ بِكَلِمَةِ الْكُفْرِ هَازِلًا أَوْ لَاعِبًا كَفَرَ عِنْدَ الْكُلِّ وَلَا اعْتِبَارَ بِاعْتِقَادِهِ كَمَا صَرَّحَ بِهِ قَاضِي خَانْ فِي فَتَاوِيهِ وَمَنْ تَكَلَّمَ بِهَا مُخْطِئًا أَوْ مُكْرَهًا لَا يَكْفُرُ عِنْدَ الْكُلِّ وَمَنْ تَكَلَّمَ بِهَا عَالِمًا عَامِدًا كَفَرَ عِنْدَ الْكُلِّ

(ج5 ص134 – كتاب البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري – باب أحكام المرتدين)

وَفِي الْفَتَاوَى الصُّغْرَى الْكُفْرُ شَيْءٌ عَظِيمٌ فَلَا أَجْعَلُ الْمُؤْمِنَ كَافِرًا مَتَى وَجَدْت رِوَايَةً أَنَّهُ لَا يَكْفُرُ

(ج5 ص134 – كتاب البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري – باب أحكام المرتدين)

This answer was collected from the official Ifta website of Darul Uloom Azaadville, South Africa. Most of the answers are checked and approved by Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

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