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How do people practice black magic? Surely it is up to Allah if any bad thing happens to us not the magician?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Q What is the reality of jadoo (black magic)? Does it really have any
effect on people? Many people resort to the use of ta’weez (amulets) to
counter the alleged effects of the jadoo. Is this permissible and does it
have any effect?

A Sihr (the Arabic term for jadoo or black magic) is a reality. In this
world of cause and effect, Allah Ta’ala has placed various effects in
various things. The effects become apparent only with the will of Allah Ta’
ala. Hence just as poison has the effect of killing, and the antidote of the
poison has the consequence of countering its effects, so too does sihr have
its effect. At times the effects become apparent upon the person who is
afflicted and at times he suffers absolutely no harm. However to practice
sihr is totally haraam and a major sin. If a person regards this practice as
permissible, it results in kufr.
To counter these effects one should resort to the recitation of various
verses of the Qur’an (such as Surah Falaq and Surah Naas). The use of ta’
weez is not any ibadah (worship). It is simply a form of treatment and a
type of “alternative medicine.” It is thus permissible to resort to it with
the following conditions: 1. Its use is for some permissible purpose (eg. to
treat an ailment, etc.), not for anything impermissible (eg. to cause harm
to anyone). 2. No words of kufr or shirk must be written therein. 3. The ta’
weez must not be regarded as having any independent effect. Rather, its
benefit is only with the will of Allah Ta’ala, as is the case with any other
form of medication.
At times people under the effects of sihr utter various things in a
trance-like state. To believe any such utterance, or to act upon what was
heard, is totally forbidden. Such statements are devoid of any truth. To
harbour suspicion or level accusations against people on the basis of such
utterances is tantamount to slander, which is an extremely serious major
While sihr and its like is a reality and many are truly afflicted by it,
it is often made a scapegoat, even where it does not exist, for every
trivial thing. This is highly repugnant. It becomes a means of creating
baseless suspicion and breeding totally unfounded doubts on innocent people.
One should refrain from heaping the blame of every little thing on sihr.
Instead one should ponder over the true reason of these problems. Many
problems are the direct result of our sins. Furthermore, the home wherein
there is no salaah, recitation of the Qur’an, zikr, etc. will naturally be
devoid of barakah. At the same time the T.V., videos, music, photographs of
animate objects, etc. are inviting the wrath of Allah Ta’ala and preventing
the entry of the angels into the home. Besides problems, what else can then
be expected. Such problems will not be solved by any ta’weez. The solution
is to refrain from sin, become obedient to Allah Ta’ala, recite Qur’an in
the home, and literally fling out the T.V., videos, music, etc. This will
solve the problems.
One more aspect in this regard needs to be rectified. Many people have
more trust upon the ta’weez than they have upon dua. This is an extremely
detestable attitude. The ta’weez is merely a form of permissible treatment
(with the aforementioned conditions) whereas dua is a great Ibadah. One
should therefore have greater conviction in dua. One should aquaint oneself
with the aspects that enhance the acceptability of dua and adopt them while
at the same time totally refrain from all such things that become an
obstacle for the acceptance of duas.
The same is the case with aamils (those who treat people afflicted by
sihr, etc.). Having the ability to treat people by means of ta’weez, etc. is
not directly linked to being pious or religious. Just as there are pious
doctors as well as irreligious ones, likewise there are some very pious
saintly aamils and many extremely unscrupulous ones also. If one requires
the treatment of an aamil, one should be careful in one’s choice. At the
same time the aamil should not be regarded as anything more than a doctor.
Neither can he cure one nor does he know the unseen. One’s conviction should
be on Allah Ta’ala ONLY. Shifa (cure) comes from Allah Ta’ala ONLY.

Al-Haadi vol.2

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