Miscellaneous Fawaid Related to ‘Eid:
• Before leaving for the prayer on ‘Eid al-Fitr the Sunnah is to eat an odd number of dates.
• It is the Sunnah to do the ghusl for the ‘Eid prayer on its day and not the night before, nor after the ‘Eid prayer. So the time for the ghusl for ‘Eid begins after Fajr enters.
• It is recommended for the people to leave for the prayer place early and for the Imam to delay his arrival until the the time for prayer enters.
• It is recommend to walk to the prayer place on foot and also to take another direction when returning home. On the way back it is fine if one rides (a car or bus etc.).
• One should go to the prayer in ones best appearance in terms of clothing and perfume and so on. This emphasis is even more on the Imam as he will be the centre of attention for the people.
• It is recommended to sit close to the Imam.
• There is nothing wrong with people greeting one another on the day of ‘Eid with Du’as that are common amongst them, like saying “Taqabbala-llahu Minna wa Mink”.
• After the Salam, the Imam delivers two Khutbahs. He begins the first with nine (9) Takbirat and the second with seven (7). The Imam should say that Takbirat standing and in succession.
• The rulings of the Khutbah of Jumu’ah apply to the Khutbah of ‘Eid. Speaking during it is impermissible except when the Imam does the Takbirat at the beginning it is recommended for the listeners to do it with him as well.
• In the Khutbah of ‘Eid al-Fitr the Imam should also prod the people to pay Zakat al-Fitr and clarify: a) what they pay for Zakatu-l Fitr, b) the amount, c) upon whom it is obligatory, d) to whom they offer it to and, e) the deadline.
However, many of our scholars have said that it is better that the Imam clarifies the rulings of Zakatu-l Fitr in the last Jumu’ah of Ramadan instead of delaying the clarification until ‘Eid Salah as offering the Zakatu-l Fitr after the ‘Eid prayer is Makruh in our Madhhab.
• Regardless if you are the Imam or the Ma’mum, it is Makruh to perform any voluntary prayers before and after the Salah, regardless if the ‘Eid prayer was offered in the open or inside the Masjid. However after the ‘Eid prayer if one goes and then comes back and then prays a voluntary prayer then it is not Makruh.
• The women who attended the ‘Eid prayer it is Sunnah for them to attend the Khutbah as well, and if they did not get to hear the Khutbah for some reason, then it is recommended for the Imam to dedicate a small admonition just for the women.
• If a person catches the first Rak’ah of the ‘Eid prayer when the Imam has already completed the additional Takbirat or some of them, he does not have to make up those Takbirat, rather they just join in and continue with the Imam.
• If a person missed the first Rak’ah of the ‘Eid prayer then he makes up the Ra’kah he missed when the Imam does the Salam. This Rak’ah he is making up is the first Rak’ah as this is the one he missed with the Imam and as the first Rak’ah of ‘Eid has six extra Takbirat he also makes the six extra Takbirat (with the Dhikr in between) after standing up to make up the Rak’ah. These extra Takbirat (and the Dhikr) are optional so even if he makes up the missed Rak’ah without them, it is fine.
• If a person just catches the ‘Eid prayer after the Imam has completed both Rukus then he joins the prayer and then stands up and makes both Rak’as up, doing six extra Takbirat in the first Rak’ah and five extra in the second; if he leaves the extra Takbirat (and the Dhikr), it is permissible.
• If a person misses the ‘Eid prayer then he has the option of making it up by either by praying by himself or with others (even if the number is below 40 in this case), including the extra Takbirat. If the Takbirat (and the Dhikr) are left out, it is fine. He may make it up before the Zawal or after it.
[Refer to al-Rawd, al-Kasshaf, and Sharh al-Muntaha]