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Is it better to make the Niyyat for salaat orally?

I read in Taaleem ul Islam and also in Bahashti Zewar that while praying namaaz “zubaan se niyyat karna behtar hai” (its better to actually say the Niyyat with your tongue), My question is, is it better to say the Niyyat for everyone or is it better just for kids and beginners, should the grown ups and old people also make the niyyat with their tongue. My second question is if a person is towards the end of his prayers and suddenly he realized that in the first rakaat he has not made two sajdas but instead he only did one Sajda, at this point what should he do. My third question is if a person is towards the end of his salaat and he realized that he has not done the ruku in the first rakaat, what should he do in this situation.

Is it better to make the Niyyat for salaat orally?
It is better for both younger people and older people to make an intention by their tongue, it is good for keeping the attention focused. Sometimes a person is not focused his mind wanders so by making an intention orally the attention can be focused.

If the person forgets one of the two prostrations in the first ‘rakat’ of the prayer than if he or she remembers that before the last moments of the prayer than he or she should make three instead of two in the last ‘rakat’. But if the person remembers that after finishing the prayer than the prayer ought to be repeated. If a person forgets the ruku of the first ‘rakat’ then he would have to repeat his prayer and by making an extra prostration at the end would not suffice.

The principle is that if a ‘wajib’ were missed ‘sajda sahw’
would suffice but if a ‘fardh’ is missed the prayer has to be repeated. Unless, the ‘fardh’ can be performed in that same prayer then it would be fine. 

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This answer was collected from Shariahboard.org. It was established under the supervision of the eminent faqih of our era, Hazrat Shah Mufti Mohammed Navalur Rahman damat barakatuhum.

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