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Making up Missed Prayers: Views of Abu Hanifa, Imaam Muhammad, and Abu Yusuf

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: If someone misses for example Fajr and he does not make it up until 11 salaats are passed by i.e. he makes it up two days later after Dhuhr.

How much salaats this person has to make up (and is the order waived or not ?) according to the view of Imaam Muhammad and Abu Yusuf? And what according to Abu Hanifa. And what is the fatwa upon ?

I read that according to Abu Hanifa if one does misses for example Fajr but does not makes it up and prays Dhuhr, then the Dhuhr becomes Mawquf (Muwaqqat) Fasad and if he continues praying upto the next days Dhuhr and thereafter makes qada of Fajr then all the salaahs will become Sahih. And if he makes it up before next days Dhuhr all the salaats will become Fasad.

And according to Imaam Muhammad and Abu Yusuf, only the salaats after the 6th one will become Sahih. The ones before will according to Imaam Muhammad be complete Fasad, and according to Abu Yusuf they will become nafila. It’s said in a narration Abu Yusuf is with Imaam Muhammad. Is this all correct ?

The Fasad according to Abu Hanifa if one makes it up before next days Dhuhr (as in the example in the initial post) is this complete Fasad or does it turn into nafila?


A: According to Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) the Salaahs will become mowqoof, and once the sixth salaah is over they will become Saheeh. According to Saahibain the salaahs will become faasid.

( وفساد ) أصل ( الصلاة بترك الترتيب موقوف ) عند أبي حنيفة سواء ظن وجوب الترتيب أو لا ( فإن كثرت وصارت الفوائت مع الفائتة ستا ظهر صحتها )

قال الشامي في رد المحتار : قوله ( عند أبي حنيفة ) وأما عندهما فالفساد بات (رد المحتار 2/ 70-71)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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