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Muslim students writing about evolution

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: My sister is currently set to graduate at the end of this year, after which she will join the rest of my family in Turkey. However, this term she took a biology course that had multiple chapters regarding human evolution. She is now preparing for the exam for that course, and the chapters on human evolution happen to be a large part of the exam. If she doesn’t answer the questions, she will most likely fail and if not, her average would become very low, and it may effect her graduation or her ability to move to Turkey at the end of the year. Can she write a general statement like ‘so and so theorized this’ without any indication of agreement and without stating anything as a fact? If not, is there any way for her to answer the questions (in written form) related to human evolution without falling into kufr?

Also, from what I know, medical schools even in Islamic Countries rely on biology books that include topics like human evolution, and the students are tested on the theories. How can Muslim students graduate as doctors without getting near kufr?


A: When she is reporting the statement of kufr and disbelief without refuting then she is obviously risking her imaan. The degree, no matter how great it may seem to be but it has no significance before imaan. It is not more than a scrap of paper before the greatness and significance of imaan.

It is important that Muslim students should petition their colleges and universities that they should be exempt from these types of concepts that oppose their faith and deen.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.


Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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