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Authenticity of the narration regarding the punishment for those who backbite and defame people

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by HadithAnswers.com
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Question

Is this narration authentic?

When I was taken on Mi’raj, I passed by a group of people who had nails of copper with which they were scratching their faces and chests. I said, ‘Who are these people O Jibril?’ He replied, ‘They are those who eat the flesh of people [i.e. they would backbite] and asperse the honour of people

 

Answer

Imams Abu Dawud and Ahmad (rahimahumallah) have recorded this Hadith on the authority of Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (radiyallahu ‘anhu).

(Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 4844 and Musnad Ahmad, vol. 3 pg. 224)

 

‘Allamah Mundhiri (rahimahullah) has indicated toward the authenticity of this Hadith. ‘Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has stated that there are corroborating narrations. ‘Allamah Haythami (rahimahullah) has declared the narrators of Musnad Ahmad reliable, together with pointing out some criticism on one narrator (رواه أحمد، وفيه قابوس وهو ثقة وفيه ضعف، وبقية رجاله رجال الصحيح).

(Targhib, vol. 3 pg. 510, Fathul Bari, Hadith: 6052, vol. 10 pg. 470, Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 8 pg. 92)

 

The Hadith in question could be declared authentic.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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