Home » Hanafi Fiqh » DaruliftaaZambia.com » Inheritance query

Inheritance query



(1) If a husband wants to give the wife more than what she is entitled to from his inheritance, can he indicate a note in his will a loan of say $100,000 that he owed his wife. In this case, will the loan be paid out first to his wife before the estate is distributed among the heirs ?

(2) When sharing out the fatherโ€™s inheritance, there was an agreement between brothers as to how the estate would be shared. In doing so, one of them agreed to buy out the other brothers and pay them off. However, the brother has no finished paying off the money and the title of the house is still their late fatherโ€™s name. Does this mean that the estate of the late father has been sorted out even though the property remains in his name or should the brother change the title to their names till the money is paid off?

(3) If the wife paid for some items in the house. Should she make a list of what she paid for and the husband should sign off so these items donโ€™t form part of the husbandโ€™s estate as she paid for them?



In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.

  • A person is entitled to gift whomsoever he/she wishes in his/her lifetime. Once a person passes away, each and every item of whatever he/she leaves behind, forms part of the estate.

Furthermore, a bequest can be made only for a non-heir. The wife of the deceased is an heir; hence it is not permissible to bequest for the wife. [1]

This is understood from the following Hadeeth:

ุนูŽู†ู’ ุดูุฑูŽุญู’ุจููŠู„ูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ูุŒ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฃูŽุจูŽุง ุฃูู…ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู โ€ โ€œโ€ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽ ุฐููŠ ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽู„ุงูŽ ูˆูŽุตููŠู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ู„ููˆูŽุงุฑูุซู โ€

Translation: Abu Hurayrah narrates: I heard Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying:

Allah has apportioned for everyone who has a right what is due to him, and no bequest must be made to an heir.

(Sunan Abu-Dawood)

If the husband wishes to grant an extra portion to an heir, he may gift the money to the wife in his lifetime. In this instance, the laws of gifting โ€“ such as physical transfer of the gift โ€“ will be considered. If the husband requires the money, he may than loan it from the wife. Alternatively, the husband may also purchase an item from his wife on credit โ€“ even if an inflated price is agreed, and accept the responsibility of the debt which can be paid from the estate after his demise.


  • It is permissible for an heir to purchase the share of the other heirs and become the owner of the item. [2]

The outstanding amount will be a debt to be paid to the remaining heirs and the estate of the father will be considered to have been wound up and distributed. It will not be necessary to change the title of the property to the remaining heirs until complete payment is received. However, it is advisable to document and record all the transactions to avoid dispute in the future.

Documenting and recording transactions is the injunction of Shariah. The importance of recording transactions is understood from the Qurโ€™aan and Ahaadeeth.

Allah Taโ€™ala has mentioned in the longest verse of the Qurโ€™aan:

ูŠุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุชูŽุฏูŽุงูŠูŽู†ุชูู… ุจูุฏูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุฌูŽู„ู ู…ู‘ูุณูŽู…ู‘ู‹ู‰ ููŽุงูƒู’ุชูุจููˆู‡ู

When you enter into a credit transaction, then you should write it down.

Likewise, Nabi (๏ทบ) also documented a transaction he undertook with a Sahabi.

This is understood from the following Hadeeth:

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏู‘ูŽุงุกู ุจู’ู†ู ุฎูŽุงู„ูุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ู‡ูŽูˆู’ุฐูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฃูู‚ู’ุฑูุฆููƒูŽ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู‹ุง ูƒูŽุชูŽุจูŽู‡ู ู„ููŠ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุจูŽู„ูŽู‰ โ€.โ€ ููŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุฑูŽุฌูŽ ู„ููŠ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู‹ุง โ€ โ€œโ€ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุง ุงุดู’ุชูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏู‘ูŽุงุกู ุจู’ู†ู ุฎูŽุงู„ูุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ู‡ูŽูˆู’ุฐูŽุฉูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุงุดู’ุชูŽุฑูŽู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู‹ุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽู…ูŽุฉู‹ ู„ุงูŽ ุฏูŽุงุกูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุบูŽุงุฆูู„ูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฎูุจู’ุซูŽุฉูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ูŽ โ€โ€œ

Translation: โ€˜Al-โ€˜Addaโ€™ bin Khalid bin Hawdhah said to me: โ€œShall I not read to you a letter that was written for me from the Messenger of Allah (๏ทบ)?โ€™โ€ He said: โ€˜I said: โ€œOf course.โ€ So he took out a letter for me: โ€œThis is what Al-โ€˜Addaโ€™ bin Khalid bin Hawdhah purchased from Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah (๏ทบ): He purchased from him a slaveโ€™ โ€“ or โ€“ โ€˜a female slave, having no ailments, nor being a runaway, nor having any malicious behaviour. Sold by a Muslim to a Muslim.โ€™

(Jaami Al-Tirmidhy, Kitaab Al-Buyoo)

  • According to Shariah, the marriage contract does not lead to an automatic partnership between the spouses by virtue of marriage. A partnership is enacted through a separate and independent partnership contract.

The items paid for by the wife will belong to her. Those items will not form part of the husbandโ€™s estate. It is advisable to list down all the items belonging to the wife to avoid disputes in the future.


And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best


Mufti Muhammad I.V Patel

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah

Lusaka, Zambia



ุจุฏุงุฆุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงุฆุน ููŠ ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ุงู„ุดุฑุงุฆุน (7/ 337)

(ูˆู…ู†ู‡ุง) ุฃู† ู„ุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ูˆุงุฑุซ ุงู„ู…ูˆุตูŠ ูˆู‚ุช ู…ูˆุช ุงู„ู…ูˆุตูŠุŒ ูุฅู† ูƒุงู† ู„ุง ุชุตุญ ุงู„ูˆุตูŠุฉ ู„ู…ุง ุฑูˆูŠ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ู‚ู„ุงุจุฉ โ€“ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ โ€“ ุนู† ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ โ€“ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€“ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ยซุฅู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุจุงุฑูƒ ูˆุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุฃุนุทู‰ ูƒู„ ุฐูŠ ุญู‚ ุญู‚ู‡ุŒ ูู„ุง ูˆุตูŠุฉ ู„ูˆุงุฑุซยป ูˆููŠ ู‡ุฐุง ุญูƒุงูŠุฉุŒ ูˆู‡ูŠ ู…ุง ุญูƒูŠ ุฃู† ุณู„ูŠู…ุงู† ุจู† ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุด โ€“ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ โ€“ ูƒุงู† ู…ุฑูŠุถุงุŒ ูุนุงุฏู‡ ุฃุจูˆ ุญู†ูŠูุฉ โ€“ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ โ€“ ููˆุฌุฏู‡ ูŠูˆุตูŠ ู„ุงุจู†ูŠู‡ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ุญู†ูŠูุฉ: โ€“ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ โ€“ ุฅู† ู‡ุฐุง ู„ุง ูŠุฌูˆุฒุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ูˆู„ู… ูŠุง ุฃุจุง ุญู†ูŠูุฉ ูู‚ุงู„: ู„ุฃู†ูƒ ุฑูˆูŠุช ู„ู†ุง ุฃู† ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ โ€“ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€“ ู‚ุงู„: ยซู„ุง ูˆุตูŠุฉ ู„ูˆุงุฑุซยป ูู‚ุงู„ ุณู„ูŠู…ุงู† โ€“ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ -: ูŠุง ู…ุนุดุฑ ุงู„ูู‚ู‡ุงุก ุฃู†ุชู… ุงู„ุฃุทุจุงุก ูˆู†ุญู† ุงู„ุตูŠุงุฏู„ุฉ

ูู‚ุฏ ู†ูู‰ ุงู„ุดุงุฑุน โ€“ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงู… โ€“ ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ู„ูˆุงุฑุซ ูˆุตูŠุฉ ู†ุตุง



ุงู„ุนู†ุงูŠุฉ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ (8/ 439)

[ููŽุตู’ู„ูŒ ูููŠ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฎูŽุงุฑูุฌู]

ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฎูŽุงุฑูุฌู ุชูŽููŽุงุนูู„ูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฎูุฑููˆุฌูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุตู’ุทูŽู„ูุญูŽ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฅุฎู’ุฑูŽุงุฌู ุจูŽุนู’ุถูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุฑูŽุงุซู ุจูู…ูŽุงู„ู ู…ูŽุนู’ู„ููˆู…ู

ูˆูŽูˆูŽุฌู’ู‡ู ุชูŽุฃู’ุฎููŠุฑูู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูู‚ููˆุนูู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฑู’ุถูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ุจูุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฎู’ุฑูุฌูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงุณู’ุชููŠููŽุงุกู ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูู‡ู

ูˆูŽุณูŽุจูŽุจูู‡ู ุทูŽู„ูŽุจู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงุฑูุฌู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุฑูุถูŽุง ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู ุจูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุดูุฑููˆุทูŒ ุชูุฐู’ูƒูŽุฑู ูููŠ ุฃูŽุซู’ู†ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ูุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽุตู’ูˆููŠุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ูŽุฉู ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ู†ูŽุงู‡ู ูููŠ ู…ูุฎู’ุชูŽุตูŽุฑู ุงู„ุถู‘ูŽูˆู’ุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูุณูŽุงู„ูŽุฉู

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ (ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฑููƒูŽุฉู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ููŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุฑูŽุฌููˆุง ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅู„ูŽุฎู’) ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฑููƒูŽุฉู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ููŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุฑูŽุฌููˆุง ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุจูู…ูŽุงู„ู ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽูˆู’ู‡ู ุฅูŠู‘ูŽุงู‡ู ุญูŽุงู„ูŽ ูƒูŽูˆู’ู†ู ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฑููƒูŽุฉู ุนูŽู‚ูŽุงุฑู‹ุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุนูุฑููˆุถู‹ุง ุฌูŽุงุฒูŽ ู‚ูŽู„ู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽูˆู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุซูุฑูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽูŠู‘ูŽุฏูŽ ุจูุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูู‚ููˆุฏู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู‡ูู†ูŽุงูƒูŽ ุดูŽุฑู’ุทูŒ ุณูŽู†ูŽุฐู’ูƒูุฑูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู…ู’ูƒูŽู†ูŽ ุชูŽุตู’ุญููŠุญูู‡ู ุจูŽูŠู’ุนู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุนู ูŠูŽุตูุญู‘ู ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽู…ูŽู†ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุตูุญู‘ูŽ ุฌูŽุนู’ู„ูู‡ู ุฅุจู’ุฑูŽุงุกู‹ ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงุกูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุนู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุถู’ู…ููˆู†ูŽุฉู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุตูุญู‘ู


This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah โ€“ Lusaka, Zambia.

Read answers with similar topics: