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Having ghsul in a bath tub to wash the entire body three times using the same water. If this is permissable or not?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

I know that if one is in major impurity (hadasa akbar) then it is fard for him to take Ghusl (bath). I know that the fard’s of ghusl are 1)to wash the mouth, 2)wash the nose and wash the entire body including the hair. If any part of the body remains dry then one will remain impure and not purified. Regarding this issue, when after I have had sexual intercourse, I take a bath but I take very long to take a bath (more then an 1hr) because I am unsatisfied or afraid that water has not reached all the limbs. So I repeatedly wash and take a long time. This causes a lot of trouble with my house hold members who wish to use the bath or toilet, and this is not good. Q1 I would like to know if I wash my mouth and nose and my hair and then after fill the bath tub with water and then dip or lie down in the bath, will this suffice the obligation of washing the entire body, as water will reach all parts of the body. Q2 Will it be permissible to wash with the same water in the bath tub my whole body and clean it three times. Q3 If I rub by body to remove the dirt from it can I use the same water in the bath tub to clean my self or do I have to fill the bath tub again. Q4) Will the water be pure and permissible to use or is not permissible (my ghusl will be invalid)? Note- when I take a bath I use a cup (filled with water) to wash my entire body, it is this process that takes me a long time to take a bath and I do not have a shower.

Answer

Madina 1420 years ago was very sparsely populated, a desert area with not
much water available.

The best of creation, our Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) lived in this
town. Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to use the water that was
available and with this have a complete Fardh bath. It has been estimated
that Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to use approximately 3 litres
of water for a bath. The method of our Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)’s
bath was such that first he used to wash both hands to the wrist with the
intention of Ghusl. Thereafter, he used to wash both the private parts,
cleaning all Najaasats. Wudhu should then follow this process. Thereafter,
Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to pour water over his head thrice,
followed by water being poured 3 times on the right side and then the left
side of the body.

By rubbing the body, while pouring water on the body every hair and every
part of the body would become wet with water.

A tub (in general) is not 10 hand spans by 10 hand spans in area (regarded
as little water which becomes impure by impurity falling in it). Thus, water
would become impure if some impure substance enters that amount of water.
Hence, soaking in the tub would not render one pure. As regards the doubts
one experiences, it is just the evil whisper of Shaytaan. Read, ‘A’oodhu
billah’ 3 times before undressing and follow the Sunnat method of pouring
water and rubbing ensuring to cover every part of the body. If any doubt
occurs thereafter, then disregard them. (Fataawa Mahmood vol.9 pg.46)

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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