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Is my nikah valid if I do not have intercourse every four months?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

I just found out from website that husband to have sexual intercourse with his wife every four months otherwise automatic divorce occurs. After Rukhsati my husband did not have sexual intercourse for about a year or even more. Then when we did it there were other problems. Then we went through doctors for conceiving and we did have tests done. We found out later that he could not ejaculate. Then did IVf and had a baby. Then again he did not have any sexual intercourse for about 2 years roughly. Now recently every now and then he asks me for sexual intercourse sometimes we do it and sometimes i refuse. But we never keep in mind that it has to be done every four months.

We may do it more than after four months sometimes. My husband does not have much sexual desire as well. ( thats what I think) I am just fearing that we do not have much sexual intercourse every 3 to 4 months so does it constitute automatic divorce? We do not keep a track how often we do it but its really less not much so there can be gap of more than 3-4 months. He does not know about it and neither did I about doing every three to four months. When we do IvF its mainly due to male factor. His sperm quality is low and had been taking medications for that. And now not taking any medications. We are thinking to do another IvF for second baby, its hard for us to conceive naturally. Is our Nikkah Valid if we do not have much sexual Intercourse?( every 3 to 4 months) Jazak Allah khair


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If a married couple do not have intercourse for any period time, that does not constitute a divorce.[1] Your confusion likely stems from the concept of ieela where a husband vows not to have intercourse with his wife for four months.  In that instance, a talaaq baain takes place upon the expiry of four months if the husband does not have intercourse with the wife before that. [2] 

In your case, your husband did not make ieela (vow not to have intercourse). Your nikah is intact.[3]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mizanur Rahman

Student, Darul Iftaa


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] آپ کے مسائل اور ان کا حل، مولانا يوسف لدھيانوی شہيد (متوفی: 1421هـ)، مکتبہ لدھيانوی، کراچی، پاکستان (6/388)

عنوان – چہ ماہ تک مياں بيوی کا تعلق نہ قائم کرنے کا نکاح پر اثر

[2] مختصر القدوري في الفقه الحنفي،  أحمد بن محمد بن أحمد بن جعفر بن حمدان أبو الحسين القدوري (المتوفى: 428هـ)، دار الكتب العلمية، بيروت، لبنان (ص: 161)

إذا قال الرجل لامرأته: والله لا أقربك أو لا أقربك أربعة أشهرفهو مول فإن وطئها في الأربعة الأشهر حنث في يمينه ولزمته الكفارة وسقط الإيلاء

وإن لم يقربها حتى مضت أربعة أشهر بانت منه بتطليقة

[3] بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع، علاء الدين، أبو بكر بن مسعود بن أحمد الكاساني (المتوفى: 587هـ)، دار الكتب العلمية، بيروت، لبنان، الطبعة الثالثة: 2010م (4/214)

 وأما بيان ركن الطلاق فركن الطلاق هو اللفظ الذي جعل دلالة على معنى الطلاق لغة وهو التخلية والإرسال ورفع القيد في الصريح وقطع الوصلة ونحوه في الكناية أو شرعا، وهو إزالة حل المحلية في النوعين أو ما يقوم مقام اللفظ


مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر ومعه الدر المنتقى في شرح الملتقى، الشيخ زاده المعروف بداماد أفندي (متوفى:1077هـ) و محمد بن علي الحصني المعروف بعلاء الدين الحصكفي (متوفى:1088هـ)، دار الكتب العلمية، بيروت، لبنان (2/3)

المجمع: وركنه نفس اللفظ

الدر: (رفع القيد الثابت شرعا بالنكاح) بلفظ مخصوص

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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