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Prayer of a woman during childbirth  

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed

Prayer of a woman during childbirth

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

It is obligatory for a pregnant woman or any other woman to pray as long as she is still sane. However, the shari`ah is lenient for the sick person, like the pregnant woman, in how to perform the prayer. If it is difficult for her to stand, she may pray sitting and she may perform ruku` (bowing) while sitting and perform her prostration by touching the ground. If she is unable to sit, she may pray while in bed/reclining/ lying down on her right side, or left side, however she wishes. She can then perform the ruku` and the prostration as we mentioned. If she is unable, she may pray lying down on her back facing the qiblah with her face and the soles of her feet, and she may perform the ruku` and the prostration as we mentioned. If performing the ruku` and the prostration is difficult for her, then she may motion the movements with her head and that is sufficient. However, if she is not able to move any part of her body, she may make the motions of the integrals of the prayer with her eyes. If she can’t even do that, she may go through the integrals of the prayer in her heart and Allah is Most Generous with His bounty to accept it from her as He said, Most High, “And He has not made for you any hardship in religion.”

The most reliable position in our school is that it is not permissible for a sick person to join his prayers, however some of our imams such as Imam al-Nawawi, have chosen to permit it for a sick person for whom it is difficult to perform the prayers in their times. So he may join dhuhr and asr, or maghrib and `isha in the first of the two times, or the later of the two, according to what is easier. Imam Khatib al-Shirbini said in the Mughni, “And this is what is in best accordance to the beauties of the shari`ah, for He, Most High, has said, ‘And He has not made any hardship for you in religion.'”

– Amjad Rasheed

(Translated by Shazia Ahmad)

السؤال: إلى متى تجب الصلاة على الحامل أثناء الولادة ؟ ماذا تنصحون للحامل في هذا الوقت الصعب ؟ الجواب : تجبُ الصلاةُ الحامل وغيرها ما دام العقلُ موجوداً ؛ لكن خفَّف الشرعُ عن المريض كالحامل في كيفية الصلاة فإن شقَّ عليها القيام صلت جالسةً وتركع في جلوسها وتتم سجودها بالأرض ، فإن لم تستطع جالسةً صلتْ مضطجعةً على جنبها الأيمن أو الأيسر كما شاءت وتركع وتسجد كما مرَّ ، فإن لم تستطع صلتْ مستلقيةً على ظهرها مستقبلةً القبلة بوجهها وأخمص قدميها وتركع وتسجد كما مرَّ ، فإن شقَّ عليها الركوع والسجود أشارتْ برأسها بهما وكفاها ذلك ، فإن لم تستطع تحريك شيء من بدنها أشارتْ بأركان الصلاة بعينيها ، فإن لم تستطع ذلك فلتستحضر الأركان في قلبها والله الكريم بفضله يتقبل منها كما قال سبحانه : ( وما جعل عليكم في الدين من حرج ) . والمعتمد في مذهبنا أنه لا يجوز للمريض جمعُ الصلاة ، لكن اختار بعضُ أئمتنا كالإمام النووي جوازه للمريض الذي يشقُّ عليه فعل كلِّ صلاة في وقتها ، فيجمع بين الظهر والعصر والمغرب والعشاء تقديماً وتأخيراً بحسب الأرفق به . قال الإمام الخطيب الشربيني في “المغني” :” وهذا هو اللائقُ بمحاسن الشريعة وقد قال تعالى : ( وما جعل عليكم في الدين من حرج ) ” . اهـ

 

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