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Regulators of Fatwa and Conditions of Mufti & Mujtahid

What are the conditions that a Mufti and a Mujtahid must meet, and what are the regulators of Fatwa?

Answer:
Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds.

Books about the principles of Islamic jurisprudence state the conditions that must be met by a Mufti‎( An Islamic jurist qualified to issue a nonbinding opinion (fatwa) on a point of Islamic law (sharia) and a Mujtahid (an individual who is qualified to exercise ijtihad in the evaluation of Islamic law). However, nowadays, it suffices that a Mufti masters one of the four Sunni Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence and knows the rulings and their evidence from texts of Sharia. Moreover, the key regulator of Fatwa is Allah-consciousness and knowing the evidence. As for new issues, some Islamic Fiqh academies were established to clarify their rulings on grounds of a joint effort exerted by a number of renowned scholars. And Allah the Almighty knows best.

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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