Q. Is a bring and share Walima permissible where every person brings food to share at a Walima?
A. There is no prohibition in bringing and sharing food at a Walima to assist the groom’s or his family in hosting a Walima. This following incident is recorded in Bukhari:
Sayyiduna Abdul Azzi Bin Suhaib Radhiyallahu Anhu reports from Sayyinduna Anas Radhiyallahu Anhu: When the Nabi of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam invaded Khaibar, we offered the Fajr prayer there (early in the morning) when it was still dark. The Nabi of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam rode and Abu Talha rode too and I was riding behind Abu Talha. The Nabi of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam passed through the lane of Khaibar quickly and my knee was touching the thigh of the Nabi of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. He uncovered his thigh and I saw the whiteness of the thigh of the Nabi of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. When he entered the town, he said, ‘Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach near a (hostile) nation (to fight) then evil will be the morning of those who have been warned.’ He repeated this thrice. The people came out for their jobs and some of them said, ‘Muhammad (has come).’ (Some of our companions added, “With his army.”) We conquered Khaibar, took the captives, and the booty was collected. Dihya Radhiyallahu Anhu came and said, ‘O Nabi of Allah! Give me a slave girl from the captives.’ The Prophet said, ‘Go and take any slave girl.’ He took Safiya bint Huyai. A man came to Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and said, ‘O Nabi of Allah! You gave Safiya bint Huyai to Dihya and she is the chief mistress of the tribes of Quraidha and An-Nadir and she befits none but you.’ So he said, ‘Bring him along with her.’ So Dihya came with her and when Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam saw her, he said to Dihya, ‘Take any slave girl other than her from the captives.’ Anas added: Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then freed her and married her. Thabit Radhiyallahu Anhu asked Anas, ‘O Abu Hamza! What did he pay her (as Mahr)?’ He said, ‘Her self was her Mahr for he freed her and then married her.’ Anas added, While on the way, Umm Sulaim Radhiyallahu Anha dressed her for marriage (ceremony) and at night she sent her as a bride to Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. So, he was a bridegroom and he said, ‘Whoever has anything (food) should bring it.’ He spread out a leather sheet (for the food) and some brought dates and others cooking butter. So they prepared a dish of Hais (a kind of meal) and that was the Walima (the marriage banquet) of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam!
Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa
This answer was collected from TheMufti.com, which is a fatwa portal managed by Mufti Ismaeel Bassa from South Africa.