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After-prayer dhikr, tasbeeh, and dua

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Ilyas Patel

When do i need to read my after salah supplications and invocations in the case when there is a established sunnah prayer after the fard prayer to be prayed like in the case of salatul maghrib?

Do i need to read those supplications and invocations after the 3 rakat fard, or after completing the whole magrib prayer (i.e. after the 2 rakat sunnah muakkadah of magrib)?

A imam told me to do it every time after completing the whole prayer (i.e. after the post- sunnahs like in Dhuhr, Magrib and Isha) he told me that the Prophet SAW only used to say after fard prayer 3 times Astagfirullah; ”Allahumma antassalamu wa minkas salam tabarakta ya zal djalali wal ikram” and then he stood up to pray the post sunnah prayers.
And after those he did the supplications and invocations Is this right?
When i asked him for the proof he said that Ibn Abidin and Tahtawi said so in their books that delaying a sunnah after fard for making tasbihat, dhikr and dua would be Makruh.

But i didnt find any proof from ahadith for this. Rather all the hadeeth what i found in this case all indicate to do the Tasbihat and Dhikr and Dua after fard prayers:

After the fard Salaat recite the following while rubbing the right hand on the forehead:

?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????????

“In the name of Allah, (I have completed the Salaat) who is the only one worthy of worhsip and who is the Most Merciful, the Most Gracious. O Allah remove from me all worries and sorrows”.

(Hisnul Hasin)

Then recite Astaghfirullah thrice and recite the following:

?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????????

“O Allah, You are safe, and from You we receive safety. You are Blessed, Lofty and Dignified”.

From the following duas either recite all of them or any one indivisually:
??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????

a. “Besides Allah, there is no one worthy of worship, He is all by Himself and has no partner. His is the Kingdom, to Him is all praise and He has control over everything”.

(Bukhari, Muslim)

?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????????

b. “O Allah, no one can stop what You give and no one can give what You stop and the wealth of the wealthy cannot prevent Your punishment”.


?????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????

c. “O Allah, I seek refuge from cowardice, miserliness and childness in old age, from the trials of this world and punishment of the grave”.


?????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????

d. “O Allah, I seek refuge in You from Kufr, poverty and the punishment of the grave”.

(Hisnul Hasin)

?????????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????

e. “O Allah, forgive my past and future sins and those sins which took place knowingly or unknowngly and forgive me for exceeding the limits and those that You know more than me. You are the beginning and the end and besides You there is no one else worthy of worship”.

(Abu Dawood)

?????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????

f. “O Allah, help me so that I can make your Dhikr, glorify You and worship You properly”.

(Abu Dawood)

It is stated in the hadith that the person who recites Ayatul Qursi after every fard Salaat, death is the only barrier for him between him and Jannah.

(Bahaqi in Sahbatul Iman)

h. Uqba bin Amr (R.A.) states that Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) ordered him to recite the Muwoozhita (i.e. the four Quls) after every fard Salaat.


After every fard Salaat recite SubhanAllah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times.

Even in one hadeeth it says:

Abu Amama (R.A.) narrates from Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) that he Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) was asked which dua has the greatest acceptance. To this, he replied that the dua recited in the latter part of the night (Tahajjud time) and after the fard Salaat.

Please give me asnwer as soon as possible, im a little bit confused.

Was salaam

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

In the name of Allah Most compassionate Merciful

It is sunnah to stand up to perform the sunnah rak’ats which follow the fard prayer immediately. However it is recommended to have a separation in between them like the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to remain in his place after the salam as long as it takes to say, ‘Allahumma antassalamu wa minkas salam tabarakta ya zal djalali wal ikram’ and then he stood up to pray the sunnah prayers.

(Hashiya al-Tahtawi ala-Maraqi al-Falah,Alama Hasan Shurubulali, pg 252)

It has been reported from Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to sit as long at it takes to say Allahumma antassalamu wa minkas salam wa ilayka ya’udu al-salam tabarakta ya zal jalali wal ikram’ then he used to stand up to perform his sunnah.’
(This hadith has been reported in Muslim,Abu Dawud, and Tirmidhi)

(Imdad al-Fattah, Sharh Nur al-Idah pg 328-Basshar Bakri edition)

It has been reported by Thawban that when the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) turned away after completing the salah, he used to say, Astaghfirullah, three times and also say Allahumma antassalamu wa minkas salam tabarakta ya zal jalali wal ikram’
(This hadith is reported in Muslim)

(Imdad al-Fattah, Sharh Nur al-Idah pg 331-Basshar Bakri edition)

Shaykh Kamal ibn Humam said, as for the other supplications they will be done after the completion of the sunnah. The saying of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give himpeace) to the needy Migrants, ‘you should you glorify Allah, his greatness and praise after the end of the salah’ does not mean that it should be done immediately following the fard but after the sunnah without engaging oneself in other things. Therefore these supplications are after the end of the salah.

(Imdad al-Fattah, Sharh Nur al-Idah pg 328-Basshar Bakri edition)

And Allah alone knows best

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