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Understanding Haiz and Istihaadha in Hanafi Fiqh

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: Could you please explain in detail what is Haiz and Istihaadha. According to my knowledge Menstruation period is called  Haiz. According to Hanafi Fiqh how many days we need to consider for Haiz?

Understanding Haiz and Istihaadha in Hanafi Fiqh

A: The monthly bleeding that a woman experiences is known as haidh provided she bleeds for three days or more. The details of this are recorded in the fiqh kitaabs. An easy referral kitaab is Bahishti Zewar by Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi alaih).

باب الحيض ( هو ) لغة السيلان وشرعا على القول بأنه من الأحداث مانعية شرعية بسبب الدم المذكور وعلى القول بأنه من الأنجاس ( دم من رحم ) خرج الاستحاضة ومنه ما تراه صغيرة وآيسة ومشكل ( لا لولادة ) خرج النفاس … و ( أقله ثلاثة أيام بلياليها ) الثلاث فالإضافة لبيان العدد المقدر بالساعات الفلكية لا للاختصاص فلا يلزم كونها ليالي تلك الأيام وكذا قوله ( وأكثره عشرة ) بعشر ليال كذا رواه الدارقطني وغيره (الدر المختار 1/283-284)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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