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Meaning of a phrase in Sahih Muslim

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by HadithAnswers.com
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Question

What is the meaning of وأَخَذُوا أخَذاتِهِمْ in the following Hadith?

عن المغيرة بن شعبة رضي الله عنه: سَأَلَ مُوسى رَبَّهُ، ما أدْنى أهْلِ الجَنَّةِ مَنْزِلَةً، قالَ: هو رَجُلٌ يَجِيءُ بَعْدَ ما أُدْخِلَ أهْلُ الجَنَّةِ الجَنَّةَ، فيُقالُ له: ادْخُلِ الجَنَّةَ، فيَقولُ: أيْ رَبِّ، كيفَ وقدْ نَزَلَ النّاسُ مَنازِلَهُمْ، وأَخَذُوا أخَذاتِهِمْ، فيُقالُ له: أتَرْضى أنْ يَكونَ لكَ مِثْلُ مُلْكِ مَلِكٍ مِن مُلُوكِ الدُّنْيا؟ فيَقولُ: رَضِيتُ رَبِّ، فيَقولُ: لكَ ذلكَ، ومِثْلُهُ ومِثْلُهُ ومِثْلُهُ ومِثْلُهُ، فقالَ في الخامِسَةِ: رَضِيتُ رَبِّ، فيَقولُ: هذا لكَ وعَشَرَةُ أمْثالِهِ، ولَكَ ما اشْتَهَتْ نَفْسُكَ، ولَذَّتْ عَيْنُكَ، فيَقولُ: رَضِيتُ رَبِّ، قالَ: رَبِّ، فأعْلاهُمْ مَنْزِلَةً؟ قالَ: أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ أرَدْتُ غَرَسْتُ كَرامَتَهُمْ بيَدِي، وخَتَمْتُ عليها، فَلَمْ تَرَ عَيْنٌ، ولَمْ تَسْمَعْ أُذُنٌ، ولَمْ يَخْطُرْ على قَلْبِ بَشَرٍ، قالَ: ومِصْداقُهُ في كِتابِ اللهِ عزَّ وجلَّ: {فَلا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ ما أُخْفِيَ لهمْ مِن قُرَّةِ أعْيُنٍ} [السجدة: ١٧] الآيَةَ. وفي رواية: إنَّ مُوسى عليه السَّلامُ سَأَلَ اللَّهَ عزَّ وجلَّ عن أخَسِّ أهْلِ الجَنَّةِ مِنْها حَظًّا، وساقَ الحَدِيثَ بنَحْوِهِ.

(Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 189)

 

Answer

Qadi Iyadh (rahimahullah) has mentioned that the word أخذاتهم can either refer to:

  • “The bounties of Allah Ta’ala that they have been blessed with”. The meaning of the phrase would then be: “O my Rabb, how [can I enter Jannah and reside therein] whereas the people have [already] settled down in their dwellings/abodes and have [already] engaged in the bounties they have been bestowed with.

or

  • “The pathways leading to their intended abodes”. The meaning would then be: “O my Rabb, how [can I enter Jannah and reside therein] whereas the people have [already] headed for their intended abodes by following their [appropriate] pathways.

 

(Ikmalul Mu’lim, Hadith: 189)

 

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Farhan Shariff

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar,

In both instances, the inferred meaning is that, the sayer is of the impression that there is no place for him in Jannah.

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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