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A beautiful du’a enumerating the attributes of Allah Ta’ala

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by HadithAnswers.com
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Question

Kindly provide the source and translation of the following du’a:

اللهم أنت أحق من ذُكر، وأحق من عُبد، وأنصَر من ابتُغي، وأرأف مَن مَلَكَ، وأجود من سُئل، وأوسع من أعطى، أنت الملك لا شريك لك، والفرد لا تهلك، كل شيء هالك إلا وجهك، لن تطاع إلا بإذنك، ولن تعصى إلا بعلمك، يا رب العالمين! تطاع فتشكر، وتعصى فتغفر،أقرب شهيد، وأدنى حفيظ، حُلْت دون الثغور، وأخذت بالنواصي، وكتبت الآثار، ونسخت الآجال، القلوب لك مفضية، والسر عندك علانية، الحلال ما أحللت، والحرام ما حرمت، والدين ما شرعت، والأمر ما قضيت،الخلق خلقك، والعباد عبادك، وأنت الله الرؤوف الرحيم أَسْأَلُكَ بِنُورِ وَجْهِكَ الَّذِي أَشْرَقَتْ لَهُ السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ بِكُلِّ حَقٍّ هُوَ لَكَ، وَبِحَقِّ السَّائِلِينَ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَقْبَلَنِي فِي هَذِهِ الْغَدَاةِ، أَوْ فِي هَذِهِ الْعَشِيَّةِ، وَأَنْ تُجِيرَنِي مِنَ النَّارِ بِقُدْرَتِكَ

 

Answer

Imam Tabarani (rahimahullah) has recorded this du’a on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Umamah (radiyallahu ‘anhu).

(Mu’jamul Kabir, Hadith: 8027 and Kitabud Du’a of Imam Tabarani, Hadith: 318; Also see: Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 10 pg. 117)

 

Transliteration

Allahumma anta ahaqqu man dhukir, wa ahaqqu man ‘ubid, wa ansaru manibtugiya, wa ar-afu mam malak, wa ajwadu man su-il, wa awsa’u man a’ata, antal maliku la sharika lak, wal fardu la tahlik, kullu shay-in halikun illa wajhak, lan tuta’a illa bi-idhnik, wa lan tu’sa illa bi ’ilmik, ya rabbal ‘alamin, tuta’u fatashkur, wa tu’sa fatghfir, aqrabu shahidin, wa adna hafidhin, hulta dunath thughur, wa akhadhta bin nawasi, wa katabtal athar, wa nasakhtal ajal, al qulubu laka mufdiyah, wassirru ‘indaka ‘alaniyah, al halalu ma ahlalta, walharamu ma harramta, wad dinu ma shara’ta, wal amru ma qadhayta, al khalqu khalquka, wal ‘ibadu ‘ibaduka, wa antallahur ra-ufur rahim, as-aluka bi nuri wajhikalladhi ashraqat lahus samawatu wal ardh, bi kulli haqqin huwa lak, wa bihaqqis sa-ilina ‘alayk, an taqbalani fi hadhihil ghadati aw fi hadhihil ‘ashiyyah, wa an tujirani minan nari bi qudratik

 

Translation

‘O Allah! Of all the things that are remembered, You are the most rightful to be remembered! And of all the things that are worshipped, You are the most worthy of being worshiped! [You are] The most helpful of those who’s aid is sought [of all the agencies from whom help is asked for, You are the most helpful]! The most compassionate of those that rule! The most generous of those that are asked! The most plentiful of those that give! You are the King, having no partner! The Unique/Matchless; You will never perish! Everything will perish besides Your countenance! You are never obeyed but with your permission [i.e. only those that You guide and grant the ability to obey You, will obey], nor are You ever disobeyed except that it is within Your knowledge [i.e. You are all aware]! O Rabb of the universe! When You are obeyed You [are pleased and] express gratitude, and when You are disobeyed You forgive! [You are] the closest witness [the closest of all things present], the nearest guardian! You have intervened between the chests [i.e. between the soul and its desires] and seized by the forelocks! You have recorded the incidents [and actions of all things] and written the life spans! [The matter of] all hearts rests with you [i.e. You know what is in the hearts, and they are all in your control]! Secrets are all open/disclosed before You [i.e. Nothing is hidden from You]. [Only] that which You have made permissible is permissible. And [only] that which You have forbidden is forbidden. The din [i.e. true and only religion] is that which You have legislated! All matters are as You have decreed! The creation is Your creation, and the servants are Your servants! You are Allah the Ever Compassionate, The Very Merciful! I ask You by the effulgence [nur] of Your countenance with which the Heavens and Earth are illuminated, in the name of every right which is Yours, and by the right the beggars have over You [i.e. the right which You have allowed unto them], that You accept me this morning or evening, and grant me refuge from the fire [of Jahannam] by Your Power!

 

Note: This du’a has appeared in Mulla ‘Ali Qari’s (rahimahullah) kitab (book), Al-Hizbul A’adham, (a secondary source) with a very slight variation in wording. I have reworded it in the query as it appears in the primary sources quoted above, with these variations underlined in bold. Although it would be better to recite what is recorded before us in the primary source, one can still recite what has appeared in the secondary source. It is very probable that the primary source Mulla ‘Ali Qari (rahimahullah) was quoting from contained the wording as he himself recorded it.

(Al-Hizbul A’azam, pg. 57, Number: 85, Ta’limi Board edition)

 

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Farhan Shariff

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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