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Must a husband let his wife live apart?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
(1) If one’s wife wants to live in a separate house with husband, will it be wajib for him to do so? Everyone has different situation, but I just want to know the masala. If there are any hadith regarding that wife has the right (like food, Clothes) to live separately please provide me. (2) My uncle is 70 years old. Is it necessary for my wife to do purdah in front of him?


(Fatwa: 59/61/N=1433)

(1) It is also wajib to provide the wife separate house like food and clothes. It is not right to share someone else in her house without her permission though he is a mahram for the wife, but for the same there is no need of a big house. If some part of a big house is given in which the needs may be fulfilled and Shariah purdah is maintained and the woman may live with her husband frankly, keep her belongings safely while none enters in this part without her permission then it is enough. Yes, if the woman is ready to live in joint family then it is also lawful to keep her there:
قال فى الهداية (كتاب الطلاق باب النفقة 2 : 421) : وعلى الزوج أن يسكنها في دار مفردة ليس فيها أحد من أهله إلا أن تختار ذلك لأن السكنى من كفايتها فيجب لها كالنفقة وقد أوجبه الله تعالى مقروناً بالنفقة واذا وجب حقا لها ليس لها أن يشرك غيرها فيه لإنها تتضرر به …. اهـ وقال فى الدر (مع الرد كتاب الطلاق باب النفقة 5 : 320 ، 321 ) : وبيت منفرد من دار له غلق ، زاد فى الاختيار والعيني : ومرافق ، ومراده لزوم كنيف ومطبخ وينبغي الإفتاء به بحر كفاها لحصول المقصود هداية ….اهـ
And these things are proved from the holy Quran directly or indirectly.
(2) Yes, he is a strange person for your wife. It is necessary for her to observe purdah from him.
عن عقبة بن عامر رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إياكم والدخول على النساء فقال رجل : يا رسول الله! أرأيت الحمو؟ قال : الحمو الموت متفق عليه (مشكوة شريف كتاب النكاح باب النظر إلى المخطوبة وبيان العورات الفصل الأول ص 268) والحمو اسم لأقارب المرأة من جانب الزوج والمراد ههنا غير آبائه وأبنائه …. كذا فى اللمعات (حاشيه بهشتي زيور 3 : 65)

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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