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Is It a Sin To Stay Up Late If You Fear That You Will Miss Fajr?

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org
Question: If I go to sleep late and wake up after the time for Fajr has ended, have I missed it with a valid excuse? If I sleep at 4 am and Fajr’s time is 5 am-6 am, and I missed it, have I missed it with a valid excuse? What if I sleep at 4 am deliberately, and intend to sleep in and then make it up later? In this case, have I missed it with a valid excuse? Am I sinful?
Answer:Assalamu alaykum,

The answers to your question are here, please read them in full:
https://seekersguidance.org/tag/missing-fajr/

It says in the Reliance of the Traveller:
“f1.5 No one has an excuse to delay the prayer beyond its time except:
(1) someone asleep (N: when its time first came who remained so until the time ended);
(2) someone who forgot it;
(3) or someone who delayed it to combine two prayers during a journey (dis: f15.12).“

The above being said, it is not permissible to intend missing an obligatory prayer, so even if you need to stay awake until 4 am because of work, study or so, know that many men before you have slept late and still have been able to get up and pray on time. It truly is a gift, as you will see from the links above, and a true favour from Allah to help His servant pray on time. As for staying up until 4 am for no good reason, that is absurd and potentially sinful if you know that you will miss Fajr.

I recommend reading this Qu’ranic supplication daily and please apply the tips in the link:

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلَاةِ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَاءِ

“My Lord, make me steadfast in Salāt, and my offspring as well. And, Our Lord, accept my supplication.” [Qur’an 14:140] May Allah give us and our children ease in establishing all of our prayers.

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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