Home » Shafi'i Fiqh » Qibla.com » Modern Birth Control

Modern Birth Control

Answered as per Shafi'i Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed

Is it permissible to use modern forms of birth control, and when is their use permissible? Is it permissible for one who has a lot of children and fears, for example, that one will not be able to properly care for them?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

There are two kinds of birth control. One kind prevents pregnancy by permanently eliminating the ability to bear children. This kind is not permitted, as the erudite Ibn Hajar clearly states in the Tuhfa (8.241). Men and women are equal in this regard.

As for the means that delay pregnancy rather than eliminating the ability to bear children, there is some detail regarding them. If it is through the practice of withdrawal (coitus interruptus) – which is to withdraw the penis before ejaculation so that semen doesn’t enter the vagina – this is permissible, though disliked, according to our school. Similar to this is what is asked about — that being wearing a barrier [m: (e.g. a condom)] over the penis such that semen enters it; this is permissible, but disliked.

Other contemporary and well-known methods of birth control include oral contraceptives and vaginal suppositories. Using such methods is permissible as long as there is no harm in them. As for what is known as the “coil” (intrauterine device), which is a specific contraption that is placed in the woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy, modern [m: scholars] have differed regarding it. Some exacting scholars, like our shaykh, the erudite Muhammad Al-Khateeb, have declared it forbidden because it involves exposing nakedness without excuse.

– Amjad Rasheed

(Translated by Sidi Moustafa Elqabbany)

السؤال: هل يجوز استخدام الوسائل الحديثة لمنع الولادة ؟ متى يجوز الاستخدام ؟ هل يجوز لمن كثر أولاده مثلا وخاف أن لا يتمكن من الاعتناء بهم كما ينبغي؟ الجواب : وسائل منع الحمل نوعان ؛ فمنها ما تقطع الحملَ من أصله فهذا لا يجوز تعاطيه كما صرح به العلامة ابن حجر في “التحفة” (8/241) ويستوي في ذلك الرجل والمرأة . أما الوسائلُ التي تؤخر الحمل دون قطعه من أصله ففيها تفصيل ؛ فإن كانت عن طريق العزل وهو نزعُ الذكر عند الإنزال لئلا يحصل المني في فرج المرأة فهو جائز مع الكراهة عندنا، ومثله ما يُسأل عنه من لبس حائل على الذكر لينَـزِلَ المنيُّ فيه فهو جائزٌ مع الكراهة. ومن الوسائل المعروفة اليوم تناولُ حبوبٍ عن طريق الفم ، أو وضع ما يسمى بـ ( التحميلة ) في الفرج تعمل على تأخير الحمل فتعاطي هذين جائزٌ ما لم يكن فيهما ضرر . أما ما يُعرف بـ ( اللولب ) وهو : قطعةٌ خاصةٌ توضع في فرج المرأة لمنع الحمل ، فقد اختلف المعاصرون في حكمها ، والذي أفتى به محققون كشيخنا العلامة محمد الخطيب أنه حرامٌ لما فيه من كشف العورة بلا حاجة


This answer was indexed from Qibla.com, which used to have a repository of Islamic Q&A answered by various scholars. The website is no longer in existence. It has now been transformed into a learning portal with paid Islamic course offering under the brand of Kiflayn.

Read answers with similar topics: