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Does Dirt Prevent the Validity of Wudu?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org
Answered by Ustadh Sufyan Qufi

Assalam Alaykum

I walk barefoot at my home, and my feet get dirty. Do I have to scratch the dirt or dust every time I perform wudu? I don’t know which kind of dirt prevents water reaches the skin.

Do we have to wash or wipe our arms up to the elbows? I am confused because scholars in videos seem to wipe their arms.

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
I pray this finds you in the best of states.
1. Dirt on the skin is excused and doesn’t prevent the validity of wudu. [ Nur al-Idah]

Wax on the skin is an example of a barrier that prevents the validity of wudu. [ Nur al-Idah]

2. In wudu, we have to wash our arms up to the elbows.

Allah Most High has specifically commanded us to “wash” our faces, arms, and feet. [Quran, 5.6]

Washing (ghasl) is for water to flow over the limb. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

In order to perform valid washing, water must have flowed on the limb, and at least two drops must have fallen from the limb. [ Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar  ]

This is what is achieved in the video below by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, may Allah protect him:


And Allah knows best.
[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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