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The definition of modesty

What is the definition of haya/modesty?


The linguistic meaning of ‘Haya’ is ‘Restraining one’s self from something and abandoning it out of fear of rebuke’

‘Allamah Jurjani (rahimahullah) writes, ‘Modesty is of two types:

  1. Nafsani [i.e. Intrinsically/Naturally], Allah Ta’ala has created this natural shyness/modesty in humans like not exposing one’s private areas in public etc.
  2. Imani [i.e. The modesty that comes about due to Iman], Iman stops a person from carrying out sins due to the fear of Allah Ta’ala

(At Ta’rifat, pg. 83)

Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) writes, ‘Haya’ in Islam is a characteristic that enables one to abstain from undesirable acts and prevents a person from falling short in fulfilling the rights of others’

(Fathul Bari, Hadith: 9)

See Hadiths on modesty here.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar,

Modesty is a trait that is an exclusive, distinctive feature of humans.

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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