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What constitutes وطن أصلي?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

a person lives in Isipingo Beach and has been living in Isipingo for more than 20 years, he has a house and owns and runs two businesses in ispingo. 

He still lives and works in ispingo Beach for most of the year

This person bought a flat in surat, in a street where his grandfather used to live, and passed away many many years ago.

He goes to the flat once every few months and his period of stay in surat varies from less than 14 days upto 20 days. When he is not in surat he gives out the flat on rent to people from south africa who go to Surat for holiday or medical treatment. 

When he purchased the flat he made intention that due to it being in the area where his ancestors used to live this will also be his house /وطن اصلي

1) will surat become his وطن اصلي while ispingo Beach remains his وطن اصلي

Thus he will have 2 وطن اصلي and will never be a musafir when he goes to surat

2) Can he read full Salaah in surat if he is only staying there for 10 days in that particular journey, because he has an intention to return to surat for another week or two after three months and this is the home town of his ancestors (including grandparents) 


In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

Watan asli (وطن الأصلي) is defined as,

1)    The place where your wife and children stay or

2)    The place where you were born and grew up or

3)    The place you intend to stay permanently  [1]

In the enquired situation, the person merely bought a house in Surat. He does not intend living there permanently neither does he have his wife and children there.


1)    Surat will not become his وطن الأصلي.

2)    He will make Qasr Salaah when he goes to Surat except if his staying in Surat for fifteen consecutive days or more[2].

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best

Muhammed Al-Ameen Bin Moulana Ismail Akoo

Student, Darul Iftaa

Newcastle; KZN, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] مراقي الفلاح شرح متن نور الإيضاحباب صلاة المسافر

ج 1ص 165 (المكتبة العصرية)

ويبطل الوطن الأصلي بمثله فقط ويبطل وطن الإقامة بمثله وبالسفر وبالأصلي والوطن الأصلي هو الذي ولد فيه أو تزوج أو لم يتزوج وقصد التعيش لا الارتحال عنه


الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار

ج 1ص 106 (دار الكتب العلمية)

(الوطن الاصلي) هو موطن ولادته أو تأهله أو توطنه


المبسوطج1-ص254 (دار المعرفة – بيروت)

ويسمى الوطن الأصلي وهو أنه إذا نشأ ببلدة أو تأهل بها توطن بها


[2] وفي الاختيار لتعليل المختارج 1-ص 79 (دار الكتب العلمية)

بَابُ صَلَاةِ الْمسافر وَفَرْضُهُ فِي كُلِّ رُبَاعِيَّةٍ رَكْعَتَانِ (ف) ، وَيَصِيرُ مُسَافِرًا إِذَا فَارَقَ بُيُوتَ الْمِصْرِ قَاصِدًا مَسِيرَةَ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَلَيَالِيهَا بِسَيْرِ الْإِبِلِ وَمَشْيِ الْأَقْدَامِ، وَيُعْتَبَرُ فِي الْجَبَلِ مَا يَلِيقُ بِهِ، وَفِي الْبَحْرِ اعْتِدَالُ الرِّيَاحِ، وَلَا يَزَالُ عَلَى حُكْمِ السَّفَرِ حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ مِصْرَهُ أَوْ يَنْوِيَ الْإِقَامَةَ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ  

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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