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Inviting to Tablighi ijtimaa’ is fardh ‘ain

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Hazrat i want to ask a very important question. I was listening to a bayan of hazrat maulana Saad saheb damatbarkatuhum and hazrat clearly mentions in it that an ijtema dawat is fard e ain and not fard e kifaya. Please listen to the bayan near the 25th minute hazrat is explaining this issue. I personally am alhamdulilah attached to khanqah imdadia ashrafia in Karachi, is it not sufficient for the obligation of acquiring emaan? Waiting for a responce jazakAllah. It is the top most 2009 ijtema bayaan on the page here

Please provide a comprehensive explanation of the issue.

 

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

Brother in Islaam,

The link provided is invalid. Nevertheless, the statement quoted above is incorrect. It is not fardh ‘ain to invite to an ijtimaa’. To consider a permissible act to be compulsory is bid’ah[1].

You enquire whether being attached to a khanqah is sufficient for the obligation of acquiring Imaan. Allaah Ta’aala says,

هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ

Translation: “He is the One who sent among the unlettered people, a messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His revealed- verses, of the Qur’aan, and purifies them, and teaches them the (Heavenly) Book and the wisdom (of revelation). And, indeed, before this they were utterly lost in clear misguidance.” (Al-Jumu’ah v.2)

Almighty Allaah refers to these missions of Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam): Tilaawah of the Qur’aan (a form of tableegh), Tazkiyah (cleansing oneself from evil traits) and Ta’leem (education). If a person engages in all three activities stated above, he will excel in his Imaan. Each one of the above three is equally important. If one lacks any of the three, he will fall short in that quality. If a person is engaged in tableegh but lacks in tazkiyah or ta’leem, his effort in tabligh will not be as effective as the person engaged in tazkiyah and ta’leem. Likewise, if one is only engaged in tazkiyah, he would not have excelled as much in Imaan as the one engaged in all three.

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

________


[1] صحيح البخاري (3/ 184) 

2697 – حدثنا يعقوب، حدثنا إبراهيم بن سعد، عن أبيه، عن القاسم بن محمد، عن عائشة رضي الله عنها، قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس فيه، فهو رد»

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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