IslamQA

Difference between Spirituality and Religion

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

I WOULD LIKE TO KNOW OF THERE IS A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPRITUALITY AND RELIGION IN ISLAM AND TO CLARIFY THE TWO. 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

The answer to your question depends on the intent of your question. What do you mean by spirituality?

Nevertheless, spirituality in general means a close bond and feeling with Allah Taala. Accordingly every aspect of the religion of Islam is meant to express our submission to Allah Taala and attempt to gain the closeness and proximity to Allah Taala. It is precisely for this that Shariah encourages us to rejuvenate our Imaan by renewing our intention to please Allah Taala before doing anything. Hence our entire lives ought to be spent experiencing a closeness to Allah Taala. It is also understood that we may become unmindful of renewing our intention of closeness to Allah Taala. That should not stop us from fulfilling our religious obligations and laws.

We are trained to fulfil the laws of Allah Taala and not pursue feelings and emotions. The rationale behind this attitude is we worship Allah Taala Alone and not our feelings. If we worship Allah Taala to experience feelings, we will then be worshipping our feelings and not Allah Taala. When we don’t experience feelings, we may stop worshipping and obeying Allah Taala.

It is also important that tazkiya is an integral part of our religion and one of the missions of Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم. Tazkiya refers to cleansing oneself from all evils, from wrong beliefs to immoral practices and spiritual maladies, like pride, jealously, anger etc. One cannot attain the closeness of Allah Taala with a spiritually ill heart. An ill person cannot enjoy all types of meals. He is restricted. Likewise a person with spiritual defects cannot attain the closeness of Allah Taala without curing himself.

You may read more of these causes on my Most Beloved Ustaadو Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb حفظ الله website, http://tasawwuf.daralmahmood.org/

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Huzaifah Deedat

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

___________________

صحيح البخاري (1/ 6)

حَدَّثَنَا الحُمَيْدِيُّ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ، قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التَّيْمِيُّ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنَ وَقَّاصٍ اللَّيْثِيَّ، يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ عَلَى المِنْبَرِ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: «إِنَّمَا الأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى، فَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى دُنْيَا يُصِيبُهَا، أَوْ إِلَى امْرَأَةٍ يَنْكِحُهَا، فَهِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى مَا هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِ»

اصلاح کا آسان نسخہ- حضرت مولا نا سلیم دھورات حفظ الله

The reality of Bay’ah and spiritual reformation- Hazrat Mufti Ahmed Khanpuri Saheb حفظ الله

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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