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Hanafi Fiqh

Finances of dementia relative

Assalamu alaikum. I got a reply to my question with a request to give further information.

My grandma has been diagnosed with dementia via doctors. She remembers a few things from the past not all. However she doesn’t remember or recall recent events. She gets confused with the days and months also. She needs reminding to take medication, what days to go for a bath, who certain people are etc.

Also by rent money I should have clarified. My grandparents house is in a line of businesses so the front of the house is a shop and is currently on rent. So by rent, I meant the rent that accumulates through the shop that is on rent. After my grandfather passed away he stipulated in his will that everything went to my grandmother.

Also from your answer I get the impression that permission from my grandma needs to be sought before spending on her behalf, does this apply to everything such as charity ventures, giving gifts to family etc? Can I not donate in charity or give gifts on her behalf with her money?

Also a last note, if it makes any difference, I do have a power of attorney in my name to act on behalf of my grandmother legally.

Hanafi Fiqh

Use of CCD in moonsighting

AssalaamuAlaykum,

I am trying to find a ruling as to whether it is allowed or not to use a CCD (Charge Couple Device) for moonsighting. My understanding is that sighting the moon with naked-eye, binoculars and telescopes are all allowed however, I would like to know the specific ruling on the use of CCD’s in moonsighting. In simple terms, CCD is almost like an x-ray. The object cannot be seen by eye but a picture is taken to see the object. They are used mainly in the daylight when the moon cannot be seen by naked-eye, binoculars or telescopes.

Whilst the moonsighting issue is a different aspect, I would like to reiterate that my question is strictly related to the use of a CCD in moonsighting.

Jazakumullahu Khayra.

Hanafi Fiqh

Help with OCD

As Salaamu Alaykum, Dear Mufti Sahib, I agree that I have an OCD problem and I believe that is related to me fearing whether I have done kufr, I am trying to stay away from Waswasa. One thing is that at times when I am unsure and I really want clarification from people who know if I know not,

One thing today was that I was watching a podcast where non Muslim mentioned to Muslim that an artist urinated on picture cross or something like that and took a pic and mentioned a rude word.

I wasn’t watching the video but a thought came that I wonder if the Muslim laughed but I think I rejected this and I looked at the Muslim. I feared if I looked at the screen to see if he laughed or not, then I feared that did I think a Muslim would disrespect Prophet Isa and following from that, I had a thought about that you know Prophet Isa didn’t go on the cross so is your fear of the Muslim laughing indirectly
saying Prophet Isa was on the cross but I think what I feared was that this artist called his pic, that being a rude word followed by the word Christ.

I have not read The Shahaadah in the sense of believing I have committed kufr but I wanted to ask what should I do in these situations where I am not sure? What would you say about this scenario?

My fear about seeing a therapist is that what I fear is falling into disbelief and I think the people to ask about that are the Scholars and a non Muslim/non Scholar therapist won’t be as qualified as a Scholar. I don’t really fully know of how to go about trying to find someone local to speak about all my fears and these scenarios so I resort to Q&A’s. Most of my teachers if not all at the moment are not actually local. Please advise me Mufti Sahib.

Hanafi Fiqh

Queen’s logo on masjid

A Masjid was given permission to use the Queens logo on all correspondence and wherever the Masjid Committee saw it appropriate. The then Masjid committee decided to put the logo on its large sign boards on the outside walls of the Masjid. Queens logo is basically a digital picture of the crown. I have added the logo picture on the file. I have following questions.
1. Is it Haram to display Queens logo on Masjid letter headings?
2. Is it Haram to display Queens logo on the Masjid sign board?
3. If we display Queens logo on our Masjid sign board, does our Masjid become a Shiah’s Masjid?
4. While it may be none of the above, do the Ulemas prefer not to display the Queens logo?
5. Now that it has been displayed, should we make efforts to remove it due to any Islamic ruling?

Hanafi Fiqh

Question on Islam

1) What does Allah mean in Quran, by saying something like some people takes their own desire as God?

2) Does someone go outside of islam by Having hope in something or someone more than Allah?Also, does someone go outside of islam if he/she believes that she/he should have more hope in something/someone other than Allah?

3) Can I intent for doing multiple deeds (for example, I intent to a bad deed first, then I will do a good deed. In this case, I intent to do 2 deeds, first doing the bad deed then doing the good deed). Or Is it something like, for example: I can intent for only one deed at a time in islam (regardless of good or bad)? is there a maximum number of deeds that I can intent for at once?

4) If someone says the shahada in order to enter islam, does it count as a good deed?( I am talking about a scenario, where someone is committing major kufr/major shirk (intentionally or unintentionally or both), then he enters islam by saying the shahada). So, each time he enters islam by saying the shahada, in this each time it will be counted as a good deed?

5) If I interpret and follow the Quran and hadith based on my own opinion and disregard the scholars of islam, do I go outside of islam?

6) What if someone rejects a sahih or hasan or weak hadith saying if prophet Muhammad said in front of him, he would accept it. Does this person goes outside of islam? (This person also believes that prophet Muhammad is a messenger of God).

7) What if someone rejects a sahih or hasan or weak hadith of prophet Muhammad that explains the Quran (I mean the hadiths that is doing the tafsir of the verses of the Quran) saying if prophet Muhammad said in front of him, he would accept it. Does this person goes outside of islam? (This person also believes that prophet Muhammad is a messenger of God).

8) By rejecting ijma, opinions of scholars, opinion of companion of prophet Muhammad, opinion of sahaba, tabeyin, tabe-tabeyin; you don’t go outside of islam, right? All you have to do is just obey the Quran and prophet Muhammad? Other than prophet Muhammad, anybody’s opinion can be rejected, right? As we know every human makes mistake.

9) I have heard a hadith which says: prophet Muhammad advised to follow the truth. If this is not possible, then follow what is closer to the truth. If this is not possible, then fear Allah as much as you can. Can you please correct me in wording of this hadith and let me know which book of hadith contains this hadith with the hadith number. Also, let me know if its hasan or weak.

10) We don’t have to follow weak hadiths, right? It is not fard, but if we follow, we get reward?