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The mustache in the Shafi`i school  

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed

Is it sunna to remove the mustache completely or to merely trim it?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Trimming the mustache is a sunna that is agreed upon as stated in the Majmu’. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Whosoever does not take something from his mustache is not one of us.” This was narrated by Tirmidhi who said: This is a well authenticated hadith, almost rigorously authenticated.

However, the scholars have disagreed about how much the mustache should be trimmed. The sunna in our school is to trim the mustache from above the upper lip so that a little of the upper lip can show, without shaving the mustache at its roots. Imam Nawawi said in the Majmu’: It is also alright to cut it, as Baihaqi narrated from Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both.

A group of scholars have said that it is sunna to shave and trim it from its roots. Imam Ahmad decided that both ways were alright, as reported from him in the Majmu’. Their proof is the rigorously authenticated hadith from Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them, where the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Trim the mustache and let the beard grow.” This was narrated by Bukhari and Muslim. In another narration [the Prophet said], “Clip the mustaches.” And in another narration, “Remove the mustaches.”

However, our scholars have interpreted these hadiths to mean that the mustache should be trimmed from around the lip and not from the follicle of the hair, as Imam Nawawi said in the Majmu’.

He also said: “The proof that the sunna is to trim some of the mustache, as we have mentioned, is what Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with them, narrated: ‘The Prophet, peace be upon him, used to trim or take [a little] from his mustache, saying Ibrahim, the Friend of the Merciful, used to do this.’ This was narrated by Tirmidhi who called it well authenticated. And Baihaqi narrated in his Sunan that Sharhabil ibn Muslim al-Khaulani said, ‘I saw five of the companions of the Messenger, peace be upon him, trimming their mustaches: Abu Umama al-Bahili, Abdullah ibn Basar, Utba ibn Abdul-Salmi, Hajjaj ibn ‘Amir al-Thamali, and al-Miqdam ibn Mu’add Yakrib. And they trimmed their mustaches from the edge of the lip.'”

Amjad Rasheed

[Translated by Zaynab Ansari]

 

السؤال: هل من السُنّة إزالة الشارب تماماً أم حفُّه فقط ؟ الجواب : قصُّ الشارب سنةٌ متفق عليها كما في “المجموع” ؛ لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” مَن لم يأخذ من شاربه فليس منا “. رواه الترمذي وقال : حديث حسن صحيح . لكن اختلف العلماءُ في ضابط قص الشارب ، والسنةُ في مذهبنا قصُّ الشارب من جهة الشفة العليا بحيث يبدو شيءٌ منها ولا يحلقُه من أصله . قال الإمام النووي في “المجموع” : ولا بأس أيضاً بتقصيره روى ذلك البيهقي عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما . وقال جماعةٌ من العلماء السنةُ حلقُه وحفُّه من أصله ، واختار الإمامُ أحمد أنه لا بأس في أحد الأمرين كما نقله عنه في “المجموع” ودليلُهم الحديثُ الصحيحُ عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال :” أحفوا الشارب واعفوا اللحى “. رواه البخاري ومسلم وفي رواية :” جزوا الشوارب “. وفي رواية :” انهكوا الشوارب “. لكن حمل أئمتُنا هذه الأحاديثَ على الحفِّ من طرف الشفة لا من أصل الشعر كما قال الإمام النووي في “المجموع” . ثم قال :” ومما يستدلُّ به في أن السنة قصُّ بعض الشارب كما ذكرنا ما روى ابنُ عباس رضي الله عنهما قال :” كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقص أو يأخذ من شاربه قال : وكان إبراهيم خليل الرحمن يفعله “. رواه الترمذي وقال : حديث حسن , وروى البيهقي في “سننه” عن شرحبيل بن مسلم الخولاني قال :” رأيتُ خمسةً من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقصون شواربهم : أبو أمامة الباهلي وعبد الله بن بسر وعتبة بن عبد السلمي والحجاج بن عامر الثمالي والمقدام بن معد يكرب ، وكانوا يقصون شواربهم مع طرف الشفة”. “. اهـ

 

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