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Who Gives Adhan?

Answered as per Shafi'i Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed

If someone wants to give the call to prayer, and other people who are going to pray also want to give the call to prayer, then how do we decide who gives the call to prayer? If the mosque has an imam, then does he appoint one of them? Or do they draw lots between themselves? Or does the first one to arrive at the mosque give the call to prayer? Or is it just the first person who stands up to give the call to prayer?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله رب العالمين و صلى الله على سيدنا محمد و على آله و صحبه و سلم أما بعد

If the mosque has a muezzin assigned to it (mu’adhdhin ratib), then he has more right to give the call to prayer than anyone else. If there is no [h: muezzin assigned to the mosque], and people dispute over the call to prayer, then they should draw lots for it and whoever’s lot is drawn should give the call to prayer.

Amjad Rasheed
Amman, Jordan
(Translated by Hamza Karamali)

السؤال : إذا كان المرء يحب أن يؤذن وغيره من المصلين يحب أن يؤذن كذلك فكيف يقرر من يؤذن ؟ إذا كان للمسجد إمامٌ فهل يعين أحدهم أم هل يقترعوا على الأذان أم هل يؤذن أو لهم وصولا إلى المسجد أم أول من قام إلى الأذان ؟ الجواب : إن كان للمسجد مؤذنٌ راتبٌ فهو أولى بالأذان من غيره ، فإن لم يكن وتنازع الناس على الأذان اقترعوا عليه ، فمن خرجت قرعته أذن .

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