Ruling on having Doubt about not Reciting Al-Ftiha or Part of it

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Darul Iftaa Jordan
What is the ruling on having doubt or forgetting having recited Surat Al-Fatiha(Chapter of the opening) during a prayer. Should I perform the whole prayer again or it suffices that I offer the prostration of forgetfulness? This is knowing that this doubt recurs in every prayer.

All perfect praise be to AllahThe Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.

Al-Fatiha is a pillar without which prayer is invalidated,and whoever has doubt about having recited it or not takes one of the following rulings depending on their situation:

First: If a person doubted not having recited it at all, then he is obliged to recite it all over again.

Second: If he, before having completed its recitation, doubted having forgotten some verses, then he is obliged to recite it all over again.

Third: If a person, after having completed its recitation, doubted not having recited part of it, then he is free from liability.

In this regard, Al-Imam Al-Shrbini (May Allah have mercy on his soul) said (What means):"If a person doubted whether he had recited it(Al-Fatiha) or not, then he is obliged to recite it again because, in principle, he hasn`t recited it. Moreover, if he,after having finished recitation, doubted that he didn't recite some verses, then he is free from the liability, but if he hasn`t finished the recitation, then he has to recite it from the very beginning."

Al-Hattaab, a Maliki scholar, said: "A person's continuous doubt as regards not having recited Al-Fatiha or part of it is considered an evil suggestions of the devil."[Bughyat Al-Mustarshdeen/66]:".And Allah knows best.

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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