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Ruling on having Doubt about not Reciting Al-Ftiha or Part of it

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Darul Iftaa Jordan
What is the ruling on having doubt or forgetting having recited Surat Al-Fatiha(Chapter of the opening) during a prayer. Should I perform the whole prayer again or it suffices that I offer the prostration of forgetfulness? This is knowing that this doubt recurs in every prayer.

Answer:
All perfect praise be to AllahThe Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.

Al-Fatiha is a pillar without which prayer is invalidated,and whoever has doubt about having recited it or not takes one of the following rulings depending on their situation:

First: If a person doubted not having recited it at all, then he is obliged to recite it all over again.

Second: If he, before having completed its recitation, doubted having forgotten some verses, then he is obliged to recite it all over again.

Third: If a person, after having completed its recitation, doubted not having recited part of it, then he is free from liability.

In this regard, Al-Imam Al-Shrbini (May Allah have mercy on his soul) said (What means):"If a person doubted whether he had recited it(Al-Fatiha) or not, then he is obliged to recite it again because, in principle, he hasn`t recited it. Moreover, if he,after having finished recitation, doubted that he didn't recite some verses, then he is free from the liability, but if he hasn`t finished the recitation, then he has to recite it from the very beginning."

Al-Hattaab, a Maliki scholar, said: "A person's continuous doubt as regards not having recited Al-Fatiha or part of it is considered an evil suggestions of the devil."[Bughyat Al-Mustarshdeen/66]:".And Allah knows best.

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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