1. That the one who enters is in a state of ritual purity from the 2 hadaths (minor and major).
2. It is not a prohibited time (except for when the Imam is delivering the sermon in the masjid).
3. He is not the khateeb.
4. He has not entered the masjid to pray Eid.
5. The obligatory prayer has not already started.
6. He is not the caretaker of the masjid who repetitively enters.
7. It is not Masjid al-Haram.Summarized from Hashiyat al-Khalwati ala al-Muntaha Vol. 1 Pg 499 and Hidayat al-Raghib Vol. 2 Pg 202
Courtesy of د. مطلق الجاسر
This answer was collected from HanbaliDisciples.com. The questions have been answered by Imam John Starling.