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Language of veneration is obligatory when talking about the Noble Companions of the Beloved Mes

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Gibril F Haddad

Language of veneration is obligatory when talking about the Noble Companions of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace)

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Answer One:

Muslim friend and brother:

Regarding your question about some Ommayad Companions and Tabi`in, the terms of which I will not repeat, and which you titled “Wrong Silsila?” for a reason Allah knows and judges best.

What is the purpose of your question? I ask because it violates one of the fundamentals of Islamic Belief as you may read in Imam Abu Hanifa’s Fiqh al-Akbar and Imam al-Tahawi’s `Aqida:

“WE DO NOT MENTION THE COMPANIONS EXCEPT IN GOOD TERMS.”

Learn it, practice it. Emblazon it in your heart with a gold frame and frequent festive, expensive fireworks.

That means we do not even say of them: So and so used to be a mushrik before Islam, So and so used to drink wine etc. because the truth of such statements is marred by a noticeable stench of disparagement. So much that it avails nothing to say RADYALLAHU `ANH and then mention such things in the same breath!

If you truly mean taraddi then know that Allah has no rida for contemnors of His Prophet’s Companions whether the first or the last of them.

As Ibn al-Mubarak said – Allah have mercy on him and thank him:

“The dust in the nostrils of Mu`awiya’s horse is better than `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz!”

Meaning, better than the fifth of the Khulafa’ Rashidin, as Imam al-Shafi`i named `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz – Allah be well-pleased with them.

This is the language of TA`ZIM among Ahl al-Sunna. It is FARD because it is part of the Ta`zim of Allah Most High and His Prophet, upon him blessings and peace as well as upon his Family and ALL his Companions.

Abu `Urwa al-Zubayri said:

“We were with Malik ibn Anas when they mentioned a man who found fault with the Companions of the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu `alayhi wa-Alihi wa-Sahbihi wa-Sallam. When he heard this, Malik recited the verse:

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and those with him are hard against the disbelievers and merciful among themselves. You (O Muhammad) see them bowing and falling prostrate (in worship), seeking bounty from Allah and (His) acceptance. The mark of them is on their foreheads from the traces of prostration. Such is their likeness in the Torah; and their likeness in the Gospel is like as sown corn that sends forth its shoot and strengthens it and rises firm upon its stalk, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the disbelievers with (the sight of) them. (48:29)!

Then Malik said (after the mention of the kuffar in the verse): ‘Whoever among the people has become one who harbors spite towards any of the Companions of the Prophet, this verse has hit him.’

Narrated by Abu Nu`aym in the Hilya (6:327) and al-Khallal in al-Sunna (2:478) cf. `Iyad, al-Shifa (Fikr ed. 1:54).

 

My Second Question is regarding these ahadith Ahle Bayt is like Noah’s Ark , Whosoever embarks it will succeed and whosoever is left behind has failed… Kindly tell me the source of this hadith and how sound it is…

[1] ‘Lo! Truly, the people of my House are, among you, similar to Nuh’s ark. Whoever boards it is saved and whoever remains away from it perishes.’

Narrated from Abu Dharr by al-Hakim with a weak chain according to al-Suyuti in al-Jami` al-Saghir and by al-Tabarani in al-Awsat (5:306) and al-Tabari.

Another version states: ‘and whoever remains away from it drowns.’

Narrated from `Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr by al-Bazzar with a fair chain cf. al-Suyuti in al-Jami` al-Saghir because of Ibn Lahi`a [cf. Ibn Hajar, Mukhtasar Zawa’id Musnad al-Bazzar (2:333 §1965)]; from Ibn `Abbas by al-Quda`i in Musnad al-Shihab (2:273), Abu Nu`aym in the Hilya (1985 ed. 4:306), al-Bazzar and al-Tabarani with a very weak chain as indicated by al-Haythami in the Majma` (9:168) and his colleague Ibn Hajar in his Mukhtasar (2:334 §1967); and from Abu Dharr by Ahmad in Fada’il al-Sahaba (2:785), al-Hakim (3:151=1990 ed. 2:373, 3:163), al-Quda`i in Musnad al-Shihab (2:274), all with a similar weak chain according to al-Dhahabi, also by al-Tabarani, Abu Nu`aym in the Hilya (1985 ed. 4:306), and others.

[3] Another version adds to the latter: ‘And whoever fights against us at the end of time is like those who shall fight on the side of the Antichrist (Dajjal).’

Narrated from Abu Dharr by al-Bazzar and al-Tabarani, both with very weak chains as stated by al-Haythami (9:168) and Ibn Hajar in his Mukhtasar (2:333-334 §1966). Al-Quda`i in Musnad al-Shihab (2:273) narrates it with a similar chain.

[4] Another version adds instead: ‘And like the gate of Repentance (bab hitta) for the Israelites.’

Narrated from Abu Dharr by al-Tabarani in al-Kabir. Al-Suyuti cites it in Ihya’ al-Mayt (p. 74 §26).

[5] Another version adds: ‘Whoever enters it is forgiven.’

Narrated from Abu Sa`id by al-Tabarani in al-Saghir and Awsat with weak chains containing several unknown narrators as stated by al-Haythami (9:168). Al-Suyuti cites it in Ihya’ al-Mayt (p. 76 §27).

[6] `Ali said – Allah be well-pleased with him and ennoble his countenance: ‘Our similitude (i.e. the Family of the Prophet upon him and them blessings and peace) in this Community is none other than that of Nuh’s ark and the Gate of Repentance for the Israelites.’

Narrated from `Abd Allah ibn al-Harith by Ibn Abi Shayba in his Musannaf (6:372) and from Abu Dharr by al-Tabarani in al-Kabir and al-Bazzar in his Musnad with a very weak chain as indicated by al-Haytham (9:168).

Imam Malik spoke of the Sunna in similar terms as narrated from Ibn Wahb by al-Khatib in Tarikh Baghdad (7:336) and al-Suyuti in Miftah al-Janna fil-I`tisam bil-Sunna (p. 162 §391).

Hajj Gibril

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