My father passed away leaving behind some assets (land & money). My late father has 5 sons and 4 daughters and my mum. My questions are:1: Who has more right over the assets, my mum, sons or daughters or a combination of those?2: Who’s name should the assets be transferred to?3: How do we distribute the shares (estimated value of £100,000)4: Would it be right if my mum decides without the consent of the sons to sell some land and spend as she wills?5: If she was to sell and spend should that about be deducted from her share from the total asset?6: How do you calculate the shares. Above figure is only a estimate, can be more or less?7: One of the assets is a house. If 2 sons spent £2000 on painting the house whereby it may or may not increase the value of the house (the other 3 sons were not in a position to contribute at the time) does this give the 2 sons more ownership over the house then the remaining sons? Does that also affect the shares if the house was sold?8: Would a solution to question 7 be that to sell the house at the value it has. Distribute the shares accordingly. Then the remaining 3 sons that couldn’t contribute at the time pay their share to the other 2 brothers which would’ve been £400 that was spent on painting at the time?

Q: My father passed away leaving behind some assets (land & money). My late father has 5 sons and 4 daughters and my mum. My questions are:

1: Who has more right over the assets, my mum, sons or daughters or a combination of those?

2: Who’s name should the assets be transferred to?

3: How do we distribute the shares (estimated value of £100,000)

4: Would it be right if my mum decides without the consent of the sons to sell some land and spend as she wills?

5: If she was to sell and spend should that about be deducted from her share from the total asset?

6: How do you calculate the shares. Above figure is only a estimate, can be more or less?

7: One of the assets is a house. If 2 sons spent £2000 on painting the house whereby it may or may not increase the value of the house (the other 3 sons were not in a position to contribute at the time) does this give the 2 sons more ownership over the house then the remaining sons? Does that also affect the shares if the house was sold?

8: Would a solution to question 7 be that to sell the house at the value it has. Distribute the shares accordingly. Then the remaining 3 sons that couldn’t contribute at the time pay their share to the other 2 brothers which would’ve been £400 that was spent on painting at the time?

Bismillaah

A:

1. All have equal rights in the estate.

2. To the names of all the heirs.

3. The entire estate will be divided into 16 equal shares and distributed as follows:
Wife will receive 2 shares
Each son will receive 2 shares
Each daughter will receive 1 share

4. No.

5. Yes. It is wrong for her to spend before the estate is divided.

6. As no. 3

7. No. What they have done was just a gesture of kindness.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)