Home » Hanafi Fiqh » Muftionline.co.za » I know that according to the Hanafi madhab to have a valid recitation one must hear oneselfs recitation. But what if there a surrounding noise, or during performance of salaah a surrounding noise (such as children talking etc) does start, does one still need to hear oneself ?I came across to this statement of Nawawi but he is a Shafi scholar does the same count for the Hanafi madhab:Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo’ (3/256):  The minimum form of reciting quietly is such that a person can hear himself if he is sound of hearing and there is no problem such as surrounding noise and the like. This is general in meaning and applies to recitation, takbeer, tasbeeh when bowing and so on, tashahhud, salaam and du’aa’, whether the prayer is obligatory or naafil; nothing of it counts unless he can hear himself, if he is sound of hearing and there is no problem. End quote. See: Tabyeen al-Haqaa’iq (1/127) and al-Bahr al-Raa’iq (1/356). Do the Hanafi scholars state the same since at the end two Hanafi books are mentioned i.e. Tabyin al Haqaiq and Bahr al Raiq ?

I know that according to the Hanafi madhab to have a valid recitation one must hear oneselfs recitation. But what if there a surrounding noise, or during performance of salaah a surrounding noise (such as children talking etc) does start, does one still need to hear oneself ?I came across to this statement of Nawawi but he is a Shafi scholar does the same count for the Hanafi madhab:Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo’ (3/256):  The minimum form of reciting quietly is such that a person can hear himself if he is sound of hearing and there is no problem such as surrounding noise and the like. This is general in meaning and applies to recitation, takbeer, tasbeeh when bowing and so on, tashahhud, salaam and du’aa’, whether the prayer is obligatory or naafil; nothing of it counts unless he can hear himself, if he is sound of hearing and there is no problem. End quote. See: Tabyeen al-Haqaa’iq (1/127) and al-Bahr al-Raa’iq (1/356). Do the Hanafi scholars state the same since at the end two Hanafi books are mentioned i.e. Tabyin al Haqaiq and Bahr al Raiq ?

Q: I know that according to the Hanafi madhab to have a valid recitation one must hear oneselfs recitation. But what if there a surrounding noise, or during performance of salaah a surrounding noise (such as children talking etc) does start, does one still need to hear oneself ?

I came across to this statement of Nawawi but he is a Shafi scholar does the same count for the Hanafi madhab:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo’ (3/256):  

The minimum form of reciting quietly is such that a person can hear himself if he is sound of hearing and there is no problem such as surrounding noise and the like. This is general in meaning and applies to recitation, takbeer, tasbeeh when bowing and so on, tashahhud, salaam and du’aa’, whether the prayer is obligatory or naafil; nothing of it counts unless he can hear himself, if he is sound of hearing and there is no problem. End quote. 

See: Tabyeen al-Haqaa’iq (1/127) and al-Bahr al-Raa’iq (1/356). 

Do the Hanafi scholars state the same since at the end two Hanafi books are mentioned i.e. Tabyin al Haqaiq and Bahr al Raiq ?

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A: Listening of the voice is a requirement provided there is no obstruction in listening to the voice.

( و ) يجب ( الإسرار ) وهو إسماع النفس في الصحيح وتقدم …

قال الطحطاوي : قوله ( ويجب الإسرار ) قالوا لا يضر إسماع بعض الكلمات أحيانا لحديث أبي قتادة وهو في الصحيحين عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقرأ في الركعتين الأخيرتين بفاتحة الكتاب ويسمعنا الآية أحيانا ولأن اليسير من الجهر والإخفاء لا يمكن الاحتراز عنه لا سيما عند مبادى التنفسات أفاده في الفتح وفي أواخر الحلبي عن كفاية الشعبي بخافت إلا من عذر وهو ان يكون هناك من يتحدث أو يغلبه النوم فيجهر لدفع النوم ودفع الكلام اه وفي القهستاني إذا جهر لتبيين الكلمة ليس عليه شيء (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح 253)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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